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Legion List

The Legions of the Roman Empire


Legio XII Fulminata (The Lightning Legion)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Likely founded by Caesar in 58 BC for his campaign against the Helvetians. Later reconstituted by Lepidus and Antony in 43 BC.
    Its symbol may have been a bull but there is evidence of the thunderbolt.

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Legio XIII Gemina

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Formed by Caesar in 57 BC before his invasion of Belgica. Reconstituted by Octavian in 41 BC.
    Its standard was the lion.

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Legio XIV Gemina

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Formed by Caesar in 57 BC before his invasion of Belgica. Reconstituted by Octavian in 41 BC.
    Its standard was the capricorn.

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Legio XV Apollinaris (Dedicated to Apollo)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Possibly formed by Caesar in 53 BC, but more likely founded by Octavian in 41 BC to be used against Sextus Pompeius in Sicily.
    The symbol is unknown but may have been the god Apollo.

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Legio XV Primigenia ("First Born", a title of the goddess Fortuna)

    Foundation:
    Founded by Gaius (Caligula) in 39 AD for his campaigns in Germania along with its twin legion XXII Primigenia.

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Legio XVI Gallica

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded in 41 BC by Octavian to be used in Sicily against Sextus Pompey.
    Its emblem was the lion.

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Legio XVI Flavia Firma (Steadfast Flavian Legion)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Reconstituted by Vespasian in 70 AD from XVI Gallica which was disgraced and disbanded during the Batavian revolt in 69 to 70 AD.
    Its standard was the lion.

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Legio XVII

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Possibly reconstituted from Marcus Antonius' (Antony) XVII Classica (Naval) but more likely founded by Octavian in 41 BC.
    Its standard is unknown.

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Legio XVIII

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Possibly reconstituted from Marcus Antonius' (Antony) XVIII Libyca but more likely founded by Octavian in 41 BC.
    Its emblem is unknown.

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Legio XIX

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded in 41 BC by Octavian to be used in Sicily against Sextus Pompey.
    Its standard is unknown.

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Legio XX Valeria Victrix (Valiant and Victorious)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Formed by Augustus, likely after the Battle of Actium (31 BC) possibly incorporating veterans of other legions.
    Its symbol was the boar.

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Legio XXI Rapax (Predator)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Formed by Augustus, likely after the Battle of Actium (31 BC) possibly incorporating veterans of other legions.
    Its emblem was the Capricorn.

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Legio XXII Deiotariana (Deiotarus)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded in 48 BC by the Allied client King of Galatia, Deiotarus based on the Roman model. Incorporated in to the Legions by Augustus in 25 BC.
    Its symbol is unknown.

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Legio XXII Primigenia ("First Born", a title of the goddess Fortuna)

    Foundation:
    Founded by Gaius (Caligula) in 39 AD for his campaigns in Germania along with its twin legion XV Primigenia.
    Its emblems were Hercules and the capricorn.

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Legio XXX Ulpia Victrix (Ulpian Victorious)

    Foundation:
    Founded by Trajan in 105 AD for his war against the Dacians. Named for his family name of Ulpius and numbered XXX because it was the 30th active legion at the time.
    Its symbols were Neptune, Jupiter and the capricorn.



Index:

Page 1:
Legio I Germanica
Legio I Adiutrix
Legio I Italica
Legio I Macriana Liberatrix
Legio I Minervia
Legio I Parthica
Legio II Adiutrix
Legio II Augusta
Legio II Italica
Legio II Parthica
Legio II Traiana Fortis
Legio III Augusta
Legio III Cyrenaica
Legio III Gallica
Legio III Italica Concors

Page 2:
Legio III Parthica
Legio IV Flavia Felix
Legio IV Macedonia
Legio IV Scythia
Legio V Alaudae
Legio V Macedonia
Legio VI Ferrata
Legio VI Victrix
Legio VII Claudia Pia Fidelis
Legio VII Hispana
Legio VIII Augusta
Legio IX Hispana
Legio X Fretensis
Legio X Gemina
Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis

Page 3:
Legio XII Fulminata
Legio XIII Gemina
Legio XIV Gemina
Legio XV Apollinaris
Legio XV Primigenia
Legio XVI Gallica
Legio XVI Flavia Firma
Legio XVII
Legio XVIII
Legio XIX
Legio XX Valeria Victrix
Legio XXI Rapax
Legio XXII Deiotariana
Legio XXII Primigenia
Legio XXX Ulpia Victrix

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Index of Roman Legions - Related Topic: Roman Siegecraft


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