The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt is the most populous nation of northeastern Africa and a very popular tourist destination. Covering an area of about 1,020,000 km˛, it includes the Sinai Peninsula (considered part of Southwest Asia), whilst the majority of the country is located in North Africa.
The vast majority of Egypt's population inhabit the length of the Nile river (about 40,000 km˛). Large areas of land are part of the Sahara Desert and sparsely inhabited. The country is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most stunning ancient monuments, including pyramids, Karnak temple and the Valley of the Kings.
Facts and Figures
Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt
Land Area: 386,560 sq miles (1,001,450 sq km)
Population: 78.8 million
Capital: Cairo (15.2 million)
Sights- and historical buildings in Egypt
Egypt is of course famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most ancient and important monuments, including the Giza Pyramids, the Karnak Temple, the Valley of the Kings and the Great Sphinx of Giza; the southern city of Luxor contains a particularly large number of ancient artifacts.
Weather in Egypt
In general Egypt has dry and very hot summers with moderate winters. From November through to January are definitely the most comfortable months for tours to Egypt. There is basically no rain in the Nile valley, thats why there is no need for wet weather gear! However do not forget to bring sunscreen, sunglasses and a sturdy hat!
How to get to Egypt
To Egypt by Air
Egypt has with Cairo (CAI) and Luxor (LXR) two main international airports. A number of charter carriers also fly direct to resort towns and locations like Hurghada and Sharm el-Sheikh.
To Egypt by Sea
Several ferry companies have regular trips from Jordan to Egypt. A popular ferry runs between Aqaba in Jordan and Nuweiba in the Sinai.