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Everything posted by Tobias

  1. Tobias

    Greek Flamethrower

    Greek fire was the shock weapon of the Byzantines; it was almost a weapon of mass destruction. Greek fire can be said to have contributed directly to the survival of the Byzantines for so long; it is not surprising that the Byzantine Emperors kept it so secret that the formula disappeared. Their survival and longevity depended on it.
  2. Tobias

    Greek Flamethrower

    I don't know about a flamethrower in ancient greece, but this technology was applied in Rome; but when it was applied was in the later Eastern (Byzantine) Empire. Greek fire was a particularly horrific weapon; it could burn on and under water, and could not be extinguished easily. Water actually helped to fuel the flame. Greek fire is said to have been invented by a Syrian Christian refugee named Kallinikos of Heliopolis, around roughly 673 AD. It is also said that he gained the knowledge from the alchemists of Alexandria about its composition. It is not much of a surprise, then, that Greek fire was used to great effect by the Byzantine Navy; a notable battle when it was used extremely effectively was the Battle of Syllaeum. The formula of Greek Fire was of course a secret carefully guarded by the Byzantines; speculators believe some ingredients might be naptha, niter, sulfur, petroleum, quicklime, phosphorus and saltpeter.
  3. Mithraism was a pretty prominent one; it revolved around the worship of the god Mithras, and was an offshoot from the Persian and Indic god Mithra and other Zoroastrian deities. It was practiced in the Roman Empire from the first century B.C. and reached its height around about the third and fourth centuries A.D, when it was a very popular religion among Roman soldiers. Mithraism declined after Theodosius' decree in 391 A.D. prohibited all pagan rites, and it appears to have become extinct after a while.
  4. Tobias

    A Look Into The Tenth Dimension.

    Precisely. I was taking to a physics student the other day, and i'm not sure how we got onto it, but we starting talking about humans ever being able to travel at light speed (we must have been talking about a sci fi movie of some kind ) . Anyway, this fellow starting haranguing sci fi creators, saying that according to his education, humans will never be able to travel at light speed. According to him, it is downright impossible, now and forever. That gave me a good laugh; all these scientists etc think they know how the universe works, but as you said Skarr, it's all a guess...just the current accepted theories that we humans use to help our brains encompass the universe.
  5. Tobias

    Roman Navy

    There are a few battles here and there; there was the Battle of Tenedos, in 86 B.C. in the 1st Mithridatic War. A Roman fleet, commanded by Lucius Licinius Lucullus defeated a Pontic fleet off the island of Tenedos in the Aegean. In Caesar's "De Bello Gallico", he gives an account of his campaigns against the Veneti, which involved some rather interesting sea battles. We also have the Battle of Naulochus, in the time of the civil war between the Second Triumvirate and the remaining Pompeians, in 36 B.C. The battle was between the fleets of Sextus Pompeius and Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, off Cape Naulochus in Sicily. Agrippa won the battle, and Pompeian resistance effectively died. Another civil war sea battle I found was fought quite a while after the above; it was the Battle of the Hellespont; a battle between Flavius Julius Crispus, son of Constantine the Great, and Flavius Galerius Valerius Licinianus Licinius in 324 A.D . Despite Crispus' fleet being quite outnumbered by Licinius' fleet, Crispus defeated Licinius, and Licinius was forced to flee to Anatolia, where he was defeated and captured by Constantine. After the Punic Wars, there were no real sea powers capable of resisting Rome's naval power for a long time; thus the majority of significant sea battles were during civil wars.
  6. G'day All I've been doing a lot of reading into the republic lately. In reaching the time of Gaius Marius, Lucius Cornelius Sulla and the young Julius Caesar, there are some references to Julius Caesar being made to become the Flamen Dialis - special priest to Jupiter Optimus Maximus. In looking into this further, i haven't found anything solid. I was wondering if anyone here knows anything about Julius Caesar becoming Flamen Dialis, and how he can possibly have escaped the bonds of this position. A general description/history of the position of Flamen Dialis would also be appreciated. Cheers
  7. Perhaps, seeing as the flamen dialis was the special priest to Jupiter Optimus Maximus, the restrictions on the position were meant to only make a certain type of person become the flamen dialis...perhaps someone with strong character, strong willpower or strong Stoicism, to have to live under such restrictions, and hence be a man a slight cut above normal men. The special priest was probably meant to be "special" in more ways than one.
  8. Thanks very much for those inputs. I believe the Flamen Dialis could also not touch anything made of iron or handle a weapon, and he could not ride. They could stand for no curule executive position. The Flamen Dialis automatically qualified to enter the senate upon becoming Jupiter's special priest. For someone like Caesar, i imagine that qualifying for automatic respect and honour without ever earning it would be a torture. Interestingly enough, none of the other flamines seemed to be very restricted by things they could not look upon, touch etc. I daresay that it is these restrictions that reiterate the importance of Jupiter Optimus Maximus to the Romans.
  9. G'day all We all see examples of political correctness in our respective countries quite often i'm sure; so let's have a little fun with that. Everyone list down their favourite politically correct term, or the one they find most amusing/ridiculous. A recent one here in Australia; a black-out is no longer a black-out, but an "Electrical Interruption"
  10. Tobias


    Hey mate, good to hear from you again! Take care of yourself, and don't do anything we wouldn't do Very interesting picture as well...
  11. Tobias

    Disappearance Of The Tria Nomina

    Yes, i believe we could say that Romulus Augustus was the last of the Emperors with two names (although Julius Nepos did hang around after Romulus Augustus).
  12. Tobias

    Disappearance Of The Tria Nomina

    Yeah, it's pretty obvious to me now that with the steady decline of Roman culture, and the constant barbarian raids, and the eventual fall of the west, it's only natural that such things as the Tria Nomina to begin to die out.
  13. Tobias


    Ah right. Thanks for the confirmation Viggen. Now i know which of those little dots in Australia is most likely to be me
  14. G'day all In my ancient history class the other day, my teacher posed us an interesting question based on our recent studies of Troy and it's discovery and excavation; Should Heinrich Schliemann be considered the "father" of archaeology for his excavations and discovery of Troy at Hisarlik and his digs at Mycenae, his supposed discovery of "Priam's Treasure" etc, or was he merely a moneyed treasure hunter? We debated over it for a couple of hours, and I thought it might make a good discussion here, so i pose it to you. What are your opinions on the subject? Based on my own studies, i have a firm opinion towards Schliemann, but maybe there are some different thoughts here.
  15. Tobias

    Beware: The New Goths Are Coming

    Unfortunately, part of it is the old scourge, political correctness. Protected by such terms as "race-based attacks", "racism", "xenophobia" etc, different cultures go to countries and are increasingly expecting these cultures to adapt to them, rather then the other way around. Now, in the case of Australia, i'm not a supporter of the old "White Australia" policy, but to be brutally honest, Australia hasn't exactly gained from being inundated with Asians, "People of Middle-Eastern Appearance" etc...
  16. I would perhaps be inclined to agree with this, but this is more a sign of the times than anything else. As is being discussed in the Hora Postilla Thermae, if you make a discovery in Egypt, you must immediately inform Mr Hawass, and if you act alternatively, you are automatically part of the evil forces of Seth, according to Hawass, and you are sent packing, your credibility most likely shattered. Elsewhere in the world, if archaeological discoveries are made, all manner of obstacles can appear;you must contend with the native land owners the discovery was found on in many countries, you must cut the multitude of red tape (if at all possible), you must contact all kinds of bureaucratic departments (the kind that are the bane of the world), etc etc etc. No wonder most archaeologists caring about their careers are treading lightly! I'm not saying there are no archaeologists in the world who do not cross the rubicon occassionally, but the above is becoming more and more endemic.
  17. Tobias


    Now that is quite exceptionally fascinating; does it show merely site visitors, or does it show the actual members as well? I suppose it doesn't distinguish between the two though....
  18. G'day All Whilst reading through some notes today, I come across a reference to a 12th century poem called "Digenis Acritas", a Byzantine epic poem. Has anybody else come across this poem? What is it about?
  19. Tobias

    Zarqawi Killed

    Ah well, one down, another plethora of fanatics to go....it's a good start though Old Osami doesn't look too healthy these days does he? I suppose all that living like the rat he is must be getting to him....
  20. Tobias

    World Heritage Site

    Well, that is rather interesting. Pray, what do you wish to gain from this topic apart from people looking at a midly interesting article, although not earth shattering?
  21. Tobias

    Disappearance Of The Tria Nomina

    Ah yes, that does give me some interesting references. Thanks for that Lacertus!
  22. Tobias

    The Great Raid

    Same with mine, he was on the Kokoda trail as a communications officer, and he would never say anything beyond the fact that he saw the Japanese of that time as the ultimate of barbarians. I'm not saying that's the case today though (gotta be careful, the politically correct lot are everywhere these days lol), just that the Japanese certainly weren't exactly sticklers for the Geneva Convention then.
  23. Tobias

    The Great Raid

    In conjunction with the P.O.W. theme of this discussion, here is a tv series that was on the Australian ABC that you people may be interested in: http://www.abc.net.au/changi/history/default.htm
  24. LOL Same here in Australia; all of us evil European descendants etc here in Australia would probably have to give all of Australia back to the Aboriginals, and either leave, or ask the Aboriginals if we're allowed to stay. If we can't stay, then i'm sure it'll be a cinch to take the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Opera House, the MCG etc with us How's Gibraltar by the way? Does it belong to Spain again yet?
  25. I can only reiterate what has been said; in an ideal world, it would be right to give Egypt it's national heritage back, if Egypt could show that it would look after the artifacts properly and guarantee that all people could at least see these artifacts if they wished too.