The very period that fascinates so many Romanists (Fall of the Republic and the subsequent conflict) is the one which lead to great advances in military medicine.Given the clash of Legions and the efficiency of these men in combat, the infliction of wounds and deadly injuries was greatly multiplied amongst the soldiery. Augustus realised that combat medicine and medical attention generally were key strategies in keeping armies well, in good morale and efficient. The establishment of thorough Doctor's training for military and civil use dates from this time.The lowliness of "physical" doctoring as a slaves task (versus a good bedside manner and counselling role of a freeborn doctor) is pushed aside to deliver effective care and combat worthiness of the soldiery.
Once again I note that acetum was used as a first wound cleansing medium, actually more effective than Lister's carbolic wash two millenia later-and probably like many things Roman not truly surpassed to this day( British hospitals are presently very concerned to find that soap is actually more effective than the liquid handwashes used by staff in preference to it as they panic about MRSA infections in dirty hospitals).
I was hoping to put a medical thread in to hold the " roman herbal" gallery in context