Before I tell you who the Horatii and the Curatii are, I am going to tell why these brothers were a major part of roman history. During Tullus Hostilius' reign he encountered a problem with the Albans; the town of Alba were stealling cattle all along the border of Roman territory. Tullus sent an envoy to Gaius Cluilius (king of Alba at the time,) their mission was to ask for the return of the stolen property; Cluilius refused which gave Tullus a good reason to go to war. The Albans made the first move, they went straight into Roman territory and dug a trench called Cluilius's Trench (which supposedly lasted for a few centuries afterward); during the time the Albans were entrenched Cluilius died and the power was given to Mettius Fufetius.
The second move was made by Tullus, by the cover of darkness he and his army went unoticed into Alban territory. When Mettius reallized what had happened he sent a envoy to Tullus asking for a conference, Tullus accepted the offer.
Mettius said the first word "Our king Cluilius" he said "told me, if I remember, that we were about to fight over a matter of brigandage and the refusal to restore stolen property in accordance with our treaty; and I have no doubt that you, Tullus, are prepared to retort in similar terms. So be it. If, however, we let specious arguments go and tell each other the truth, we should admit that our two nations, close neighbors and blood relations as we are, have a deeper reason for going to war: I mean, ambition and love of power. Whether rightly or wrongly I will not venture to say, for that is a question decided, no doubt , by him who undertook to wage this war. As for me, I am only the man of the Albans chose to conduct it. But what i would suggest to you, Tullus, is this: you know the strength of Etruscans who threaten to encircle us, and you know it is even better than we, as you are closer to them. They are strong on land, and at sea very strong indeed. Do not forget, when you give the signal for battle, that they will be watching us, ready, when we have worn each other out, to attack us both, victor and vanquished alike. Surley, therefore, unless both our countires are condemned to peridition, we should be able to find a better solution. The assurance of liberty is not, it seems, enough for us, and we are about to gamble for empire or slavery; nevertheless, can we not find some means of deciding the issue between us which, however the fight may go on, will at least avoid crippling losses either to you or to ourselves?" Tullus took this proposition into consideration even though he knew that he could beat them in battle. A plan was made, in both armies there were three brothers who were of a young age and very active, the brothers name for the Albans was the Curatii and the Romans were the Horatii. The brothers would fight three against three the victorious would gain controll over the vanquished. Both Commanders accepted the plan and prepared their champions for the fight.
The fight started and as the fight went on both sides were cheering for their champions knowing that if they lost, they would become servants to the other country. Then after a long fight blood began to flow, all three of Albas chanpions were injured and one of the Romans had fallen, then another. The Albans began to cheer even louder as their champions began to win the fight. The last brother for the Romans was left fighting three, noticing that all three albans were injured and he was unhurt he ran untill the Albans were spaced out enough for him to fight them one on one. He killed one and the other two Albans ran toward him. Another fell to the Horatii's sword; it looked as if the Romans still had a chance after all. Finally the last Alban cought up to him and was struck down. The Horatii had won the day which meant that Rome claimed all Alban territory.
If the Horatii brothers had lost this battle Rome would have never existed. So all ancient Roman fans should be thanking them to this day.