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  1. Today
  2. Crispina

    Reassessing Egyptian Queen Nefertiti

    I've watched numerous docs on her. One suggested that the bust was a fake, modern made, not ancient. I wonder where it was excavated from? I don't remember actually hearing if it was just found in the ground all by itself or in a tomb or ruins of a temple. Perhaps just discarded because of her being considered a heretic? Thanks for sharing the video.
  3. Yesterday
  4. This is an interesting article on Nefertiti, Queen of Egypt. She was best known for her beauty, but she is now being reassessed as a powerful and independent ruler of Egypt after the death of her husband Pharaoh Akhenaten. ”it's become pretty clear that rather than dying as Akhenaten's queen, as it used to be thought, Nefertiti actually survived him as a fully-fledged female pharaoh, one of the tiny number of such women who have existed over the years.” https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1437238/egypt-breakthrough-queen-nefertiti-pharaoh-archaeology-tutankhamun-valley-kings-spt Good video on Nefertiti:
  5. caldrail

    Historical Historians

    Isn't this pushing the definition just a tad? Even academics in Geoffrey's time thought it was rubbish.
  6. Last week
  7. guy

    Fake Roman Jewelry

    “The 3D printer is enabling ever more sophisticated forgeries to be sold as Greek or Roman collectibles” An openwork ring of vaguely Roman style, but made the wrong way for the period. Photograph: Jack Ogden https://amp.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2021/may/16/all-that-glisters-flood-of-fake-ancient-jewellery-dupes-buyers?__twitter_impression=true
  8. Another interpretation of the story: “One of the most well-preserved of his weapons was an iron sword that was found bent, or ”folded” as described by archaeologist Melina Paisidou. The astonishing part of this discovery was the fact that despite the burial taking place in a Christian basilica, the folded sword is a sign of ancient pagan rituals. This gives archaeologists evidence that this warrior, despite the fact that most probably embraced Christianity and the Roman customs of the time, did not forget his Gothic roots, as his burial included a custom embedded in pagan tradition.” https://greekreporter.com/2021/05/16/gothic-warrior-found-buried-greece-thessaloniki/
  9. Being not religious, I found this video helpful in keeping these three edicts straight in my mind: the Edicts of Serdica, Milan, and Thessalonica: Summary: This is a nice summary from Wikipedia: “The Edict of Serdica, also called Edict of Toleration by Galerius, was issued in 311 in Serdica (now Sofia, Bulgaria) by Roman Emperor Galerius. It officially ended the Diocletianic persecution of Christianity in the Eastern Roman Empire The Edict of Milan (Latin: Edictum Mediolanense, Greek: Διάταγμα των Μεδιολάνων, Diatagma tōn Mediolanōn) was long believed to be the February AD 313 agreement to treat Christians benevolently within the Roman Empire. Western Roman Emperor Constantine I and Emperor Licinius, who controlled the Balkans, met in Mediolanum (modern-day Milan) and, among other things, agreed to change policies towards Christians. The Edict of Thessalonica (also known as Cunctos populos), issued on 27 February AD 380 by three reigning Roman Emperors, made Nicene Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire. It condemned other Christian creeds such as Arianism as heresies of madmen, and authorized their persecution.” guy also known as gaius https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edict_of_Serdica https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edict_of_Milan https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edict_of_Thessalonica
  10. You may want to send a message thru UNRV to Ian Huges or Maty Matyszak. Although they have both been away from this site for some time, they are very accomplished authors who might be able to give you some insight.
  11. guy

    Colored marble used as covering

    A nice article about the use of Cipollino mable in Roman Carthage. These articles have certainly changed my image of ancient Rome: https://www.cipollino.org/carthage Other examples of Cipollino marble: Other modern uses of colored marble:
  12. (Thank you Professor Nina Willburger @DrNWillburger for bring this article to our attention) Most of us assume that the white marble in ancient Rome was painted to give the city its vibrant colors. I hadn’t thought about the use of colored marble, also: “When it comes to ancient Roman imperial architecture, most people usually have a mental image of white marble statues, columns, or slabs. While it is true that many buildings and squares at that time were decorated with marble, it was frequently not white but colored marble that was employed, such as the green-veined Cipollino Verde, which was extracted on the Greek island of Euboea.” https://www.heritagedaily.com/2021/05/analysis-of-wall-decoration-dating-to-the-second-century-a-d-provides-new-insights-into-marble-extraction-and-processing/139172?fbclid=IwAR0Rg8oAX9TJwZGR4oEBK2-eUYajwweZSpryfEq03kf84VEMKEna0GBd_j4&amp=1 Summary: I hadn’t considered the use of marble as mere decoration (cladding) and not for structural support. Here are examples of Cipollino marble extracted from the Greek island of Euboea:
  13. I had to review the role Thessaloniki had in the Roman Empire and the development of the early Christian church that Saint Paul visited. “THESSALONIKI, GREECE—Live Science reports that Errikos Maniotis of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and his colleagues have uncovered seven graves, including a 1,600-year-old soldier’s arch-shaped grave, in an early Christian basilica discovered in 2010 ahead of subway construction in northern Greece. The soldier was buried with a shield, a spear, and a spatha, a type of long straight sword used from about A.D. 250 to 450, that had been bent. “Usually, these types of swords were used by the auxiliary cavalry forces of the Roman army,” https://www.archaeology.org/news/9690-210513-greece-christianity-army “'Folded swords are usually excavated in sites in Northern Europe,' he said. 'It seems that Romans didn't practise it, let alone when the new religion, Christianity, dominated, due to the fact that this ritual [was] considered to be pagan.' Archaeologists are yet to assess the remains of the soldier, described as likely a 'Romanized Goth or from any other Germanic tribe who served as a mercenary'.” https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-9578541/Folded-iron-sword-discovered-Roman-soldiers-grave.html Summary: Below are two videos reviewing the importance of Thessaloniki with the early Christian church and Saint Paul. guy also known as gaius
  14. Our diets (and possibly our gut microbiome) really do determine much of our health. Medicine is only beginning to discover the importance of our microbiomes (gut and skin). “Scientists have found dramatic differences between gut microbiomes from ancient North American peoples and modern microbiomes, offering new evidence on how these microbes may evolve with different diets.” “A bacteria known as Treponema succinifaciens "is not in a single Western microbiome that we analyzed, but it's in every single one of the eight ancient microbiomes," Kostic says. The ancient microbiomes did match up more closely with modern non-industry microbiomes.” https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/05/210512115639.htm
  15. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    Finally, something on primary sources, Primary source - Wikipedia
  16. Hmmm, Masada, isolated location, nothing for the troops to do when they aren't on duty except gamble, drink and whore (no doubt there were 'camp followers'?) Easy way to restrict this is to ensure the troops only have what they need to survive, easier to maintain discipline this way and keep them focused on their job. Like all soldiers, they would have come up with creative ways to make additional income, black market, smuggling, theft etc, controlling the troops finances is merely Commands way to say they are not contributing to a particular issue. I'm an old soldier.
  17. Welcome, you guys. Please post your opinions and random musings. I hope you feel better, soon, TitusCrow. I have recently been dealing with a few health challenges, also. By focusing my interests on ancient Rome, I am better to maintain a positive outlook while I (too slowly!) regain my health. Fortunately, as this pandemic rapidly improves (at least in the US and UK), we can soon hope for a “return to normalcy.”
  18. This sounds interesting. Will revisit later.
  19. I know that their symbol has been lost to time, but has anyone ever offered up what they may likely have been, based on how other legions were designed? I'm fortunate to have an in-law that is an accomplished silk embroiderer and would like to get her to make a banner, however time is short as she's 86.
  20. Great review of the Roman Naval Fleet in Britain (Classis Britannica): Simon Elliot’s excellent lecture begins about the 5:00 mark. The Classis Britannica was one of ten regional fleets.It consisted of about 900 ships and 7,000 men. Along with the Classis Germanica, the Classis Britannica was the most important fleet outside beyond the borders of Italy. The Classis Britannica had jurisdiction of not only the waters around Britain and the rivers within, it was also responsible for the Northwestern continental coast, including the coasts of Germania and Gaul. Despite the horrific image of galley slaves in the movie Ben-Hur (see GIF above), rowers on fighting ships were usually fit and healthy freemen. (One of many tiles with the mark “CLBR” or Classis Britannica.) https://alchetron.com/Classis-Britannica
  21. Hi All from Australia! I'm just an enthusiast, and military buff. I have been to the site of the battle in the Teutoburg Forest, it was a profound experience, and coming from the other side of the planet, I daresay not too high on many Australian tourists lists of things to see! I also visited the Bielefeld Viaduct on the same day, so as you can see, I'm aware of the 'lesser known' places of military history that most just drive past. Like most Roman Army tragic's, I have a suit or armour on a stand, a couple of spears and a pilum and shield. My plan is to make an Aquila to display behind the stand using an old brass eagle I've had for years, with a banner for one of the legions lost at the Teutoburgwald, which of course is going to have to be 'created'. Also going to make a few more pila because, well, I can. Thanks for having me.
  22. Crispina

    Missing posters

    Oh good. And I think I remember that Sam was "Northern Niel"?
  23. Greetings all, I found this site by accident looking for a witty quote on slavery by Cato ( the elder I think.. ) it took me to a discussion on conditions of keeping slaves etc I found this fascinating. I was trained in sociology / economics and after a time became an artist. I am currently due to ill health not doing much of anything. However I hope to do some oils this year. good to be here 👍🏻😊 Titus.
  24. guy

    Missing posters

    I’ve reached out to several older members. A couple people replied. Hopefully, they will rejoin us.
  25. Crispina

    Missing posters

    I have been thinking of two posters, Nephele and Sam. I've forgotten Sam's forum name, but he was a guide at Hadrian's wall in England. Nephele would give us our Roman names. I suppose they went to Facebook? I don't do FB. Just curious as to how they are doing, esp. during this pandemic.
  26. guy

    Pompeii commercial

    I appreciate anything (including a silly commercial) that motivates others to learn about ancient history, no matter how ridiculous.
  27. Like Pliny the Elder, this could be another victim of the ill-fated rescue attempt from Vesuvius eruption: A bag with tools was found with the skeleton when it was discovered “Skeleton, originally thought to be an ordinary soldier, was among some 300 found at Herculaneum in the 1980s. It is now thought he may have been a senior officer in the rescue mission launched by historian and naval commander Pliny the Elder.” “Twelve silver and two gold denarii coins were found in the man's possession - the equivalent of a month's salary for members of the elite Praetorian Guard. His highly decorated gold and silver belt and a sword with an ivory handle indicate he was no ordinary soldier, while his bag contained tools likely to have been used by a faber navalis - one of the Guard's naval engineers specialised in carpentry.” https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-57055163
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