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  2. Do go there. You get a sense of the scale of a Roman fort and vicus and the closeness of the local community (though it was actually less compact than some settlements along the wall). As a site it feels a little odd because it's perched on a slope above a river valley and not what you would ordinarily expect. The reconstructions like the gate one has to take with some measure of salt, but there's nonetheless a real sense of something happening there.
  3. Last week
  4. Although I have been to Italy and Holland numerous times, I've never been to Britain. (I think the language difference might be a little too difficult for me to handle. LOL) I guess from the Vindolanda website that the outdoor garden and archaeological site are open, but the indoor museum will be closed till at least next spring due to COVID-19 restrictions. https://www.vindolanda.com/Listing/Category/bookyourvisit I would like to visit Vindolanda someday ... maybe the next time I'm in Europe on my way to Italy. guy also known as gaius
  5. Have you personally ever been to the Vindolanda site? Are tourists allowed there?
  6. Great! Something to watch this evening besides channel surfing. Will watch later.
  7. I know this is a video from almost three years ago (2018), but this is the first time I've seen it: Summary: We can never been certain of the exact function of this gloves, but it is amazing that these pieces of ancient leather have been preserved. guy also known as gaius
  8. This is a nice video review of Roman Britain. This 90 minute video is exceptional at about 60 min when it reviews the slow collapse of the Empire beginning with Caracalla (211 AD).
  9. Compacted vertebrae I think you mean. If his backbone was crushed, it wasn't his job that killed him.
  10. Crispina

    Coliseums Outside of Italy To Visit

    This is the first I've read about these other coliseums. The one in France is amazing. I hope you get to travel to Croatia, hope we all get to travel - anywhere - in the not too distance future.
  11. Yes, it is interesting. Thank you for posting.
  12. As it appears we are close to a vaccine, it's think about nice potential vacation sites: https://www.thecollector.com/roman-coliseums/ Although there might not be ten intact coliseums outside of Rome to visit, I am interested in visiting some of these sites, especially the coliseum in Pula, Croatia. if I were to visit Croatia, I would certainly want to visit Diocletian's Palace is Split, Croatia, about 320 miles ( 520 Km) away. guy also known as gaius
  13. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/blogs/national-museum-of-natural-history/2020/11/24/our-thanksgiving-menu-has-lost-few-crops/ Summary: It's interesting to see how diet has changed with the disappearance of certain crops. I wonder if we have yet to discover "lost" ancient crops. guy also known as gaius
  14. Earlier
  15. In Medieval England, one of the few ways for a woman to get a divorce was to prove her husband's impotence. https://narratively.com/the-distinguished-medieval-penis-investigators/ Summary: Times have changed, for sure. I guess there were no quickie Las Vegas divorces or "little blue pills" back then. Well, things could be worse: You could always die from the Bubonic Plague. guy also known as gaius (Thanks to Lapham's Quarterly for bringing this article to my attention) Additional information: https://blog.nationalarchives.gov.uk/till-death-us-part-divorce-medieval-england/
  16. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8953225/Lavish-home-indulgent-Emperor-Caligula-discovered-Rome.html A water pipe with the name of Claudius, which means that not only Caligula but also his successor was linked with the building Fragments of pottery taken from the site, which are set to be included in a new museum that's being built Summary: This is an older story with a recent press release. The new museum could be a wonderful source for Caligula and early Roman empire history. One never knows what they can still find during routine digging in Rome. guy also known as gaius
  17. The past stunk. Scientists want you to be able to smell it As part of a project called Odeuropa, researchers from six countries are bringing historical European smells, including the Battle of Waterloo, to modern noses. "Smells shape our experience of the world." https://www.cnet.com/news/the-past-stunk-scientists-want-to-resurrect-its-smells-including-war/
  18. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-55029538 Summary: I'm not sure that we can know the relationship of the pair or even be certain of their social statuses. It is, nevertheless, another interesting find at Pompeii. guy also known as gaius
  19. That's a good point. Septimius Severus's two rivals for the throne were Clodius Albinus and Pescennius Niger. After the murder of Pertinax, the regional legions each supported their own candidates for emperor: Clodius Albinus was proclaimed emperor by the legions of Britain and Hispania. Pescennius Niger was proclaimed emperor by the legions of Syria. Septimius Severus was proclaimed emperor by the troops of Illyricum and Pannonia, both of which are the closest to Bulgaria. It is more likely, therefore, this Bulgarian city would have naturally supported Septimius Severus or, at least, have remained neutral. Thank you for your comments.
  20. That doesn't sound right. Pertinax was approached by members of the Senate to succeed the assassinated Commodus (He might have known that was going to happen - no-one really knows today) and ruled for a short period before outraged Praetorians cut him down in a heated row. The Praetorians then held an auction for the City of Rome. It was only subsequently, with the accession of Didius Julianus by means of offering a large enough bid, that rivals began to assert themselves in the absence of any clear authorised succession or indeed any sign of sufficient ruling power in Rome given Didius was scorned for buying the empire and couldn't get anyone to do anything.
  21. On a recently decoded inscription found on a restored stele in Bulgaria, Emperor Septimius Severus thanks the residents for a "donation" of 700,000 denarii. This most probably represents a bribe to regain Septimius's favor after choosing a losing Emperor (Pertinax) in a struggle to gain control of the empire: http://archaeologyinbulgaria.com/2020/11/12/roman-emperor-lied-thanked-city-for-bribe-reveals-newly-decoded-inscription-from-ancient-nicopolis-ad-istrum-in-bulgaria/ The newly read stone inscription of a letter by Roman Emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla to the residents of the city of Nicopolis ad Istrum in today’s Northern Bulgaria reveals bribery, political corruption and lies in the Roman Empire. Summary: A city had to hedge its bets during any violent regime change (which would become increasingly common during the third century AD). Choosing the wrong emperor to support, however, could have disastrous results. This Bulgarian city had to quickly make amends for their wrong choice by a generous "donation." guy also known as gaius
  22. Interesting article https://www.livescience.com/scents-old-europe-history.html I could only imagine the wide range of smells in ancient Rome. The pungent odor from factories producing the fermented fish sauce garum would be bracing, for example. (Fortunately, the end product was much milder in smell, even enticing.) The pungent odor of garlic, onions, and fish would fill the air. The odor of dead animals and excrement in the streets would have been sickly. Needless to say, body and oral hygiene would have been poor. Fortunately, masking odors of flowers and spices would waft through the air. Burning incense from temples would give a pleasant break to the stench in the air. Incense would also be used to cover the pervasive reek of public cremations, as well as the smell of death from animals or prisoners in the amphitheater. guy also known as gaius
  23. Here is an interesting review of Edward Champlin's "Nero." According to this review (I believe written by Professor Mary Beard), Champlin reassess Nero's legacy and possibly rehabilitates his reputation. https://erenow.net/ancient/confronting-the-classics-traditions-adventures-and-innovations/16.php Another revisionist history of Nero is John Drinkwater's "Nero: Emperor and Court." The book was described as an attempt to show Nero as a reluctant and insecure ruler who preferred to show his real or imagined skills in art and sport. Then, of course, Nero's supposed treatment of the Christians has to be explained by Drinkwater: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/new-nicer-nero-history-roman-emperor-180975776/ These are two more interesting books to add to the historical revisionism of Nero.
  24. They are beautiful. Amazing.
  25. Good article: https://www.archaeology.org/issues/403-2011/letter-from/9133-israel-purple-dye (Courtesy Michael Eisenberg) A Roman-era pool along the shallow, rocky shore of Tel Shikmona may have been used to trap snails in order to use them as raw materials for dye. (Courtesy Clara Amit, part of the collection of the Israel Antiquities Authority) This 2,000-year-old piece of wool dyed with murex-based blue was found in a cave on the western shore of the Dead Sea. It is one of the few surviving ancient textiles colored with the valuable hue. Summary: Purple dye was an example of ancient "conspicuous consumption." Similar to the modern tech device or luxury car, there are things that fill the human need to flaunt one's economic success or prestige.
  26. These 100 coffins displayed in November 2020 come after some of another group of 59 coffins were opened in August 2020. Summary: It is good to see that despite COVID-19, every effort is being made to discover and preserve antiquities. Hopefully, images of mummies and other antiquities sold in the market place by unscrupulous vendors will become a thing of the past Egyptian mummy seller, 1875. https://rarehistoricalphotos.com/egyptian-mummy-seller-1865/ guy also known as gaius (Images by Mohamed Abd El Ghany / Rueters from the earlier Saqquara find. Source: National Review)
  27. The problem exists less because of deliberate bias but because most of the pro-Nero accounts have been lost to us. There are clues that point to a somewhat different situation. Trajan for instance recorded that the first five years of Nero's reign were the best managed government of all. This was of course the time when his mother held him in check and advisors were still able to guide him. But we know that Nero threw off these restraints and to be honest, Trajan's appraisal doesn't exclude the tale we know from Suetonius. This post made me pull Nero by Richard Holland off the shelf again. I haven't read it in years. I'm reminded of how later Caesars identified with Nero, casting him as something admirable and emulatable. How his works were progressed after Nero's death. How Nero's legend made him alive when he was known to be gone (Shades of Elvis Presley and Adolf Hitler). I don't think we can ignore the worst of Nero. This is the problem. He was so larger than life, one of the few that emerge from history as A+ List celebs, that deep down, many of us feel a strange reluctance to blame him and instead indulge in a spot of adoration for someone for whom rules were of no hindrance.
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