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  3. Work continues on Pompeii even during this COVID-19 lockdown: https://www.cnnphilippines.com/lifestyle/2021/2/26/Pompeii-House-of-the-Ceii-restoration-.html https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/pompeii-fresco-restoration-intl-scli-scn/index.html Better videos in Italian: For English translation, click settings ----->subtitles ----> autotranslate -----> English Summary: Good to see work continue despite this pandemic. guy also known as gaius
  4. Last week
  5. Time Team has left mainstream television but is due to return on a crowdfunded media channel. Looking forward to that!
  6. Here's a an old episode of the British series Time Team that was recently uploaded. The theory was that the Romans under the Emperor Claudius in 43 AD would have first landed his invasion force at Rutupiae (Richborough on the coast of Kent, England). A local archaeologist found Claudian pottery nearby at Syndale, Kent. His belief was that an early Roman fort could be found at the site. It was a very entertaining show. 112 5 "The Roman Fort That Wasn't There" Syndale, Kent Roman 51.313727°N 0.860548°E 1 February 2004 Nobody knows what happened immediately after the Romans arrived in 43 AD, because no Roman fort has been discovered in this part of South East England. Time Team are on a mission to find the missing link. Local archaeologist Paul Wilkinson believes he has already found a military ditch, which would surround such a fort.[6] It's a prime site, right next to Watling Street. However geophysics cannot find any evidence for a ditch. So begins one of their most frustrating digs, directed by Neil Holbrook. Phil enlists in the Ermine Street Guard for a day. They are joined by Roman expert Tony Wilmott and pottery specialist Malcolm Lyne.[7] Kent, England. Watling Street Summary: This was a great episode using numismatic and pottery evidence to reach a conclusion about the site. guy also known as gaius
  7. (Thank you "An Italian Archaeologist in Scotland" for bringing this to our attention) Here's a delightful rendition of Ovid's Tristia 3.1 in Latin (with English subtitles). The background on Ovid's Tristia is very poignant: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tristia Ovid's final lament in Book 3 during his permanent exile is truly unforgetable: https://www.poetryintranslation.com/PITBR/Latin/OvidTristiaBkThree.php Summary: This is an entertaining rendition of a portion of the more obscure but delightful poem Tristia by Ovid. Thanks, again, Italian Archaeologist in Scotland for bringing this to our attention. guy also known as gaius
  8. Crispina

    Pub ordering in ancient Rome

    Oh, gosh. I watched that series at least three times and don't remember that. ha What a great show.
  9. guy

    Pub ordering in ancient Rome

    I couldn't imagine otherwise. Let's see: alcohol, gambling, possible prostitutes, etc. No, i can't see it being a recipe for problems. LOL A very memorable bar scene from the HBO series Rome:
  10. Interesting find: Traditional Owner Ian Waina inspecting a Naturalistic painting of a kangaroo, determined to be more than 12,000 years old based on the age of overlying mud wasp nests https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-9286281/Life-size-drawing-KANGAROO-dating-17-500-years-Australia.html Summary: The interesting feature of this article was the use of wasp nets to determine the age of ancient artwork: guy also known as gaius
  11. caldrail

    Meet The Romans With Mary Beard

    She is worth listening to. I do disagree with her definition of Princeps (She says they were emperors, no question, whereas I regard them as more of a hybrid ruler over sections of the empire until the Dominate)
  12. tk421

    Meet The Romans With Mary Beard

    Mary Beard is a really good Roman historian whose written works are definitely an authority on the subject of Roman history. I have also enjoyed her TV documentaries, particularly the one where she introduced audiences to the emperor Elagabalus. Her excellent analysis and conclusions were an excellent primer for any newcomer to the study of that era in Roman history.
  13. I have found Roman history fascinating for just over 20 years now. Reading Roman history is a favorite hobby of mine. One of my favorite works is Edward Gibbon's The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. It is an old book, but it is so well written that it is a must for any newcomer to the field. Even today, I read the newspapers and I think, is this a decline and fall type of story? When it comes to my favorite ancient author, there are a few but I would probably list Tacitus at the top.
  14. I am not an alarmist, but let's not mess with Mother Nature. It's one thing to clone a woolly mammoth back from extinction; it's another, a deadly virus 😯 : Scientists with the carcass of a Malolyakhovsky mammoth, thought to be more than 28,000 years old (Image: Semyon Grigoryev) https://au.news.yahoo.com/zombie-infection-country-unlocks-50000-year-old-viruses-covid-034817008.html https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/russia-unlock-50000-year-old-23514371 Summary: What could possibly go wrong with this? guy also known as gaius
  15. The Romans seem to have connected virility and luck. I assume this was down to superstition about fate or decisions of the Gods, because one might well see the Roman machismo as representing personal power and status in a rather childish way. They certainly weren't shy of graffiti about their conquests. But then, I think we've sort of lost something important about our ancestors. These days we take our good health and long survival probabilities for granted, getting quite upset when health services don't meet our expectations of care. The thing is with Roman times, like most periods in history, is that life was usually short. In the modern third world, having plenty of children is an investment in the future, not just a lifestyle choice or an excuse to claim more benefits. I'm sure the Romans had similar feelings, though at the same time, they could be remarkably callous - the exposure of unwanted infants or sale to slavers.
  16. caldrail

    Exotic gladiatrix in ancient Rome

    About socialising? Might as well add something on this. Much depends on whether she was sold as a slave to the lanista or volunteered her services. If the former, socialising is out of the question unless somebody asks the lanista for permission and pays a fee up front - though given the risks of pregnancy that would affect her availability in the arena, the owner might not agree, also he would want her to be somewhat exclusive as a performer rather than a simple prostitute who knows how to fight). As a volunteer, she would have more freedom to come and go even though technically enslaved. The issue here is the chauvanistic attitude of men who encounter her. Remember that any man who imposes himself is risking legal address, not because of personal violations, but because she is somebody else's property. Or simply risking finding out she isn't quite as helpless as he expected. Take this example. A prostitute was raped in her own home by a young man of good family. She complained and it came to trial - he was readily identifiable obviously. The magistrate ruled she was a prostitute and therefore basically asked for it by principle. However, the young man had broken down her front door to get to her in drunken rage at being refused service - and that was unacceptable. He got sentenced accordingly. Fact remains, we don't seem to have much anecdotal evidence for the female gladiator. Certainly they existed, we know that, but lurid stories haven't come down to us. You would have to ask why that was given the childish attitude toward sex that many Roman men displayed.
  17. Earlier
  18. Here's an interesting figurine recently excavated in the East of England, suggesting moustaches and long hair were popular in 1st century Britain: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-cambridgeshire-56116411 https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/feb/19/when-mullets-rocked-figurine-suggests-ancient-britons-favoured-hairstyle Summary: I am not surprised that the first century ancient Brits may have had moustaches and long hair, also. The famous Dying Gaul sculpture in Rome also shows these features, That sculpture is thought to be an ancient Roman copy of a Hellenistic bronze (223-231 BCE) from Pergamon: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dying_Gaul guy also known as gaius
  19. Interesting find: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-cambridgeshire-56113457 Summary: I guess good luck amulets and symbols come in all types. guy also known as gaius
  20. Here's a fun article discussing many known recipes from ancient Greece and Rome: Cabbage the Athenian way Olive Relish Roast lamb or kid [The pungent-smelling Asafoetida (hing) mentioned in the recipe above is an excellent substitute for onions, by the way. It is frequently used today in Indian food.] Pancakes with Honey and Sesame Seeds These are just a few of the 49 ancient recipes found in this book: https://blog.britishmuseum.org/cook-a-classical-feast-nine-recipes-from-ancient-greece-and-rome/ guy also known as gaius I found this book when reading article about Shrove Tuesday (Marti Gras) in the UK: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9265655/Second-century-pancake-recipe-proves-Romans-similar-sweet-tooth-modern-day.html
  21. I learn something new every day on this forum. Thank you.
  22. Yes, but then Stonehenge was at the time just a ring of smaller stones marking graves, not the famous trilithon arcade we see today. The site had features that attracted neolithic people, such as the 'approach road' and the alignment with the rising sun. Salisbury plain would host a wide ranging ritual landscape that included Stonehenge as a main feature. So many people think it was just the stone rings as we see it today.
  23. Research has probably confirmed the old legend that the stones of Stonehenge came from a distant land. An ancient stone circle in Waun Mawn Circle, Wales could have been dismantled and later rebuilt in Stonehenge, 150 miles away: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-56029203 https://www.heritagedaily.com/2021/02/archaeologists-suggest-early-stonehenge-was-a-rebuilt-stone-circle-from-wales/137102 Summary: This study probably confirms ancient legends about Stonehenge's origins. As of yet, however, there has been no support of the myth that Stonehenge was the work of of King Arthur's wizard friend Merlin. guy also known as gaius
  24. An interesting find in the Cotswolds, an area about 85 miles west of London. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-gloucestershire-56041431 Summary: Interesting find. Doesn't look like a modern Cupid to me, but it is an interesting find, nevertheless. guy also known as gaius
  25. Our sample size is limited to very few examples so drawing conclusions might be premature. Why is our auxiliary paying for barley? That's animal food, aside from punishments (which would mean he was paying as well as suffering humiliation for sleeping on duty). Presumably he has access to an animal such as a mule and must pay for the supply to feed it (since many animals were not 'issued' but requisitioned as necessary). One could speculate that the costs were deliberate. Is an officer scamming his men? Or is this a means of stamping out corruption (you cannot bribe if you have no cash). Or is this working on a similar premise to the modern Foreign Legion, where restrictions are applied to prevent breaches of discipline? There's a lot of possibilities but little to go on.
  26. regertz

    Justinians Reconquest

    I think Justinian's effort was well thought out and multilayered and if a bit shoe-string as to military support at times, had a good chance of success. The biggest problems were the plagues and the inability to win over the Goths. The attempt to get round the Gothic problem by offering Germanus with his Goth princess as co-rulers of the West was brilliant and just terrible luck that first Theodora had not gotten on with Germanus earlier and second that Germanus died en route to his new job. I think Justinian has borne an unfair share of blame for the Islamic collapse in the 600s...That was the fault of Phocas and undisciplined soldiers, perhaps some blame to go to Maurice, though I personally think Maurice had made a brilliant diplomatic move. Honestly without Carthage to provide a savior emperor and the Western reconquests to bolster the Empire and maintain its sense of divine mission, I don't think Byzantium could have held out after 602.
  27. Take no notice of them. Conspiracy theorists love attention and I think you'll find that 'knowing something you don't' is what empowers their self respect. It's also a way of being an 'expert' without learning anything. As for the theory itself, one has to wonder why they think that. Much of modern culture in the west is descended from either Roman or Germanic roots. Is this theory Russian in origin?
  28. An avid scholar of art and history, Hadrian played a key role in the villa's design of the complex, with buildings reflecting places he had once visited. Pictured, the Canopus pool, named for the city in which Hadrian's lover, Antinous, drowned. While the water feature was intended to represent the Egyptian rive, the 'Caryatid' statues of the 'Caryatids' are Greek in origin https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-9240253/Archaeology-Room-Roman-emperor-Hadrian-held-power-breakfasts-1-900-years-ago.html Summary: This is another site that I will need to visit next time I'm near Rome. guy also known as gaius Here are two nice videos of Hadrian's Villa.
  29. In all my years learning of the Roman Empire i came across a sub group of people i can only akin to flat earthers denying the existence of the Roman Empire forwarding no evidence. They sumise that the buiding where Russian built and the Empire was a fabrication of modern historians to hide the truth. I just wondered if anyone else had come across this and if anyone had a view point on it. Thanks in advance.
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