Jump to content
UNRV Ancient Roman Empire Forums

All Activity

This stream auto-updates     

  1. Yesterday
  2. Looks like an interesting read by the author LJ Trafford (for adult readers only): https://granthshala.com/was-ancient-rome-really-a-sexual-free-for-all-from-impotence-cures-made-out-of-vultures-lungs-to-the-wickedest-woman-who-bed-hundreds-of-men-new-book-lays-bare-what-people-really-thought-about-s/ https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-9851709/Was-Ancient-Rome-REALLY-sexual-free-all.html
  3. A nice reassessment of Nero by the author LJ Trafford: http://the-history-girls.blogspot.com/2021/05/the-good-bits-of-nero-by-lj-trafford.html?m=1
  4. sonic

    Overlaps, Based on True Events, and Historical Fictions

    The other problem is that later historians sieve through the ancient sources and make suggestions as to what really happened. These theories are then accepted by the next generation before becoming accepted as fact by the third generation. Obviously, the third generation then build their careers upon the theories, meaning that any revision could nullify their careers. This can sometimes result in a strong resistance to overturning established 'facts'.
  5. I will defer to everyone else about military matters, but it does look suspicious for a weapon (Thracian or Dacian sica). https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sica
  6. Last week
  7. About the sica? My first thought when I saw the photo above was that it looked nothing like a sword, but of course, neither do the weapons held by many toy warriors today. I note the handle is definitely swordlike, whereas a strigil is a mundane implement that would not require so well formed a handle. I'm also drawn to the straps on her left leg, conveniently where a gladiator would have a padded shin (the statue does not - the leg is shown as either naked or close fitting). What puts me off more than anything else is the lack of a helmet, the left handed pose, and the lack of padding on her 'sword' arm.
  8. An interesting find on one of the Balearic islands off the coast is Spain, which were the home of the famous Balearic slingers. “The team discovered a deposit of Roman military materials dating from around 100 BC, that includes: projectiles, arrowheads, knives, surgical tools, and a bronze spatula.” https://www.heritagedaily.com/2021/07/roman-weapons-deposit-unearthed-at-son-catlar-prehistoric-settlement/139792?amp Excellent video on the Balearic slingers:
  9. Of course, this commercial is a warped Hollywood production. That said, the idea of a topless (or semi-topless) female gladiator might be more than some prurient adolescent boy’s fantasy. There is a controversy whether this statue is merely a female using a strigil to scrape herself or a female gladiator holding a weapon known as a sica. https://rogueclassicism.com/2012/04/18/female-gladiator-statue-skepticism/amp/ Interestingly, two of the members from the group Queen were in the video: Brian May (guitar) and Roger Taylor (drums).
  10. Another stab in the heart of historical accuracy I see. Armoured brasiers? What we have here is modern day sexual fantasy I'm afraid, though it does beg the question what female gladiators appeared as. They were after all assuming what was male roles and categories - there were no seperate female styles that I've ever come across, especially given that female fighters were a rarity. Among the ladies we see one equipped as a retiarius (trident and net). She would surely expect to face off against a more heavily armoured female murmillo? That was the usual contest. So why does she not have a right arm and shoulder guard? Why does her opponent not wear armour in the normal fashion? Why are there three contestants? And given that most gladiator classes were bare chested (to allow a clean kill and plenty of blood should the victim fail to defend him/herself adequately), it comes as no suprise that Romans would have found the contests amusing or titillating. But it isn't just the fighters. I saw one member of the crowd dressed in a purple robe/toga. Really? Given that the highest order of Roman society, ie the Patricians, were only allowed a broad purple stripe on their clothes one wonders who this chap was and why he was so incredibly wealthy that he can dress in a higher fashion than the presiding emperor, and why such a person would be sat among the plebs? Of course he's just an extra dressed in whatever was available and vaguely romanesque, but the problem with this sort of thing is that it causes perceptual issues in Roman history to persist. Pepsi just want to sell more cans (no doubt because I just got made redundant and can no longer access the works vending machines) and so pust scantily clad ladies in front of a crowd with symbols of virility. All a matter of context you see. Now if you'll excuse me, I wish to study this advert more closely
  11. Well, I totally agree with caldrail. The discourse of the spear just like the discourse of the shroud of Turin seems nothing more but stupid Christian propaganda, pardon my words. What I find risible is that the name of Jesus killer-centurion Longin has become widely popular amongst Russian Orthodox clergy. The story of Longin who in his later life became a devoted Christian himself (perhaps like anybody who had ever had any connection to our all-mighty Lord Jesus) is now inspiring Russian young priesthood to change their last names to look more like Jesus killers. For reference below are a few examples: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longin_von_Klin https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longhin_Jar
  12. caldrail

    Female gladiators

    There's no mystery to this. We know there were female gladiators. Interesting article but beware of a couple of factual errors... 6.4: Female Gladiators in Ancient Rome - Humanities LibreTexts Short article but an interesting read.... JCS: Female Gladiators of the Ancient Roman World: Murray (ejmas.com)
  13. guy

    Female gladiators

    Other nice references: https://www.worldhistory.org/article/35/female-gladiators-in-ancient-rome/ https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Alfonso-Manas/publication/254237771_New_evidence_of_female_gladiators_The_bronze_statuette_at_the_Museum_fr_Kunst_und_Gewerbe_of_Hamburg/links/57174cbf08ae2679a8c63c4e/New-evidence-of-female-gladiators-The-bronze-statuette-at-the-Museum-fr-Kunst-und-Gewerbe-of-Hamburg.pdf?origin=publication_detail
  14. This poor woman has suffered quite a bit recently … and in the ancient past:
  15. guy

    Female gladiators

    We’ve dealt with this possibility in the past: Here’s a nice review of the current evidence: “Another example is the Halicarnassus Relief, a 1st or 2nd century AD depiction from Bodrum in Turkey, that commemorates the release from service of two female Gladiatrix, called by their stage names, Amazon and Achillia. Both of the figures appear bareheaded, equipped with a greave, loincloth, belt, rectangular shield, dagger and manica (arm protection).” Description of Halicarnassus relief: Marble relief commemorating either the release from service or the discharge after a draw of two female gladiators, Amazon and Achillia. They are armed, and advancing to attack, with swords and shields. The figure on the right is missing the head. They stand on a platform, and below on each side is the head of a spectator. Inscribed above and on the platform. They are shown with the same equipment as male gladiators, but without helmets. https://www.heritagedaily.com/2021/07/the-gladiatrix-the-roman-gladiators-that-were-women/139803?amp
  16. This is the interesting theory that some cataclysmic flood forced the migration to the Nile Valley, helping Egyptian development. “It is my belief that a catastrophic marine flood occurred across Eurasia that had multiple consequences, one of which was that with a devastated environment survivors migrated to places of safety.” ”I believe the flood, once dated, should provide the evidence of its reality and most likely the reason why survivors migrated to safer regions, such as the Nile Valley.” https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/1469474/egypt-mystery-solved-noah-flood-archaeology-news-north-africa-ancient-history-spt/amp
  17. Another article on the discovery: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/archaeologists-find-ancient-roman-vessel-near-sicily-180978313/ Nice short video on find:
  18. Preservation of historical sites is so important. I never considered the presence of the Romans in the Channel Islands before. “The Nunnery is thought to be one of the best preserved Roman forts in the UK and until earlier this year was home to the Alderney Bird Observatory. The States of Alderney, which owns the Nunnery, is looking for ideas about how best to use the heritage site.“ https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-guernsey-58015191
  19. I want to thank the wonderful online magazine “Roman Times” for bringing this excellent video by Dr. Patrick Hunt on Hannibal to my attention: “Patrick points out that at the battle of Cannae Hannibal took advantage of a seasonal dust storm that is known to blow sand from the Sahara desert into Italy at that time of the year and positioned his troops so that the wind was at their back while it was blowing in the faces of the Romans. He also mentioned that Hannibal used troops dressed in captured Roman armor from the battles of the Trebia River and Lake Trasimene to help trick the Romans into advancing into his concave center where they could be outflanked.“ https://ancientimes.blogspot.com/2021/07/hannibals-secret-weapons.html?m=1 At 34:30: Dr. Hunt talks about the types of Elephants used by Hannibal. At 1:02:00: Dr. Hunt discusses the use of the blinding dust storm off Africa into Southern Italy to his advantage. He had the wind to his back, while the wind blew into the Romans’ eyes at the Battle of Cannae. Dr. Hunt reminds us about the Battle of Cannae: Between 55-70,000 Romans died (one out of every five Roman males between the ages of 17 to 50). Possibly more deaths on that day than on any other day in the history on the battlefield.
  20. A wonderful find in Israel: “ Archaeologists in Israel have unearthed the largest ancient Roman basilica in the nation, a 2,000-year-old building dating to the reign of the Biblical figure Herod the Great, who may have built it. ‘The writings of the historian Josephus mention Herod’s construction in the city of Ashkelon and list fountains, a bathhouse, and colonnaded halls,’ “ Statues of the goddesses Nike and Tyche, or Isis, at the Roman basilica in Tel Ashkelon National Park, Israel. Photo by Yaniv Cohen, courtesy of the Israel Nature and Parks Authority. https://news.artnet.com/art-world/israel-discovers-ancient-roman-basilica-1978508/amp-page
  21. guy

    King Tut’s mask Intended for woman

    The debate continues: “It is true that some of the treasures found in King Tut’s tomb did not belong to him, but to other rulers during the Amarna Period. But the mask did indeed belong to him,” he added.” “When it comes to the ear piercings, it was a natural and common thing among kings. Earrings were not limited to women — or children — in the case of King Tut.” https://www.al-monitor.com/originals/2021/07/egyptologists-refute-british-theory-doubting-king-tuts-mask
  22. It’s good to see that looted items are returned: “A 3,500-year-old clay tablet that bears the text of one of the world’s oldest works of literature and was purchased by Hobby Lobby in 2014 for $1.6 million has been forfeited to the United States, the feds announced. The tablet, which contains a portion of the “Epic of Gilgamesh,” came from the area of modern-day Iraq and was illegally shipped to the US in 2003, the Department of Justice alleged.“ https://nypost.com/2021/07/28/us-seizes-1-6m-epic-of-gilgamesh-tablet-from-hobby-lobby/amp/ https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/rare-cuneiform-tablet-bearing-portion-epic-gilgamesh-forfeited-united-states
  23. Waterways were an easier and possibly safer means of travel in the ancient world. It is not surprising that Roman canals would be discovered. “The canal—more than 10 metres (33 feet) wide—and road were uncovered last week near the eastern city of Nijmegen, a major Roman-era settlement with permanent military bases that were awarded the UNESCO status.” https://www.google.com/amp/s/phys.org/news/2021-07-dutch-unearth-roman-canal-road.amp
  24. caldrail

    General, sir, lord, master...

    There isn't much evidence for military protocol in the Roman legions. Legionaries weren't called 'soldiers' before Augustus (they were referred to as 'Brothers'). Specific ranks would be a little tedious so broad categories are likely, Centurion, Tribune, Legate. What you will have to become aware of is that the Romans may well have not used analogous behaviour to modern armies (a typical Hollywood or literary ploy). Saluting has been debated for a lo/ng time and most people feel comfortable with a modernesque protocol, but the sources do not mention saluting outside of honouring a commander as opposed to recognising his superior rank as we do. What this means is that ordinary salutes may not have happened, but that soldiers who approved of their commanders may have deliberately or spontaneously saluted them as something. Incidentially using the word 'Domine' might well have been seen as 'licking the backside'. In fact, such language does exist in letters recovered from Vindolanda. It does not refer to rank, but names the recipient as 'Master'. That's a very subordinate form of phrasing because it infers that you are indentured to the recipient in some way. Legionaries swore an oath of obedience - this was necessary because obedience to another man is the same as slavery, and Roman soldiers would not tolerate such associations. They were free citizens, soldiers or not. The upshot of this is that I am thinking in terms of names being more contextual than actual rank titles in many cases. Remember that in the legions, loyalty is fixed toward individuals rather than offices.
  25. I can't find any official name either. There was a Battle of Compiègne in 715 but that has nothing to do with the Romans. Why does an anci.ent battle have no name? Usually because the Roman sources don't get very specific about it, commenting that a battle was fought with such and such an outcome and don't relate it to anything except a general area.
  26. <iframe src="https://www.facebook.com/plugins/post.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Femmanuelisaiah.smith.1%2Fposts%2F544760699906142&show_text=true&width=500" width="500" height="666" style="border:none;overflow:hidden" scrolling="no" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen="true" allow="autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; picture-in-picture; web-share"></iframe> Description from Google Books : The Spear of Longinus Reynold J Levocz Manuscriptus-de-aestimare, 2013 - Historical fiction - 440 pages “The spear of Longinus will fulfill the prophecy, and you will be covered with glory and ashes. From your descendants shall spring the sky’s flaming cross.” An enthralling tale set against the pageantry and decadence of first-century Rome, The Spear of Longinus chronicles youthful tragedy, the quest for revenge, hard-fought military campaigns, and burgeoning love, as well as the mysterious prophecies that haunt Tiberius Longinus ─ the Roman centurion who speared Jesus of Nazareth on his cross of sorrows. Unfolding throughout the far-flung reaches of the Roman Empire, the sweeping epic – from the imperial reign of Augustus to that of Vespasian — is a riveting saga of the hero’s adventures and his pursuit of the love of Helena Rufinus, his beguiling childhood sweetheart and the heroine of Rome. Aficionados of Ben Hur and The Robe will relish this historical novel’s exotic settings, deadly intrigues, deep friendships, enduring love, and the hero’s reluctant journey toward faith. All inexorably intertwine during an era when Rome’s pagan emperors vowed to eradicate the Jews and the fledgling Christian religion. About the author (2013) Reynold J. Levocz, whose studies in ancient history as well as on-site research throughout Europe imbue the novel with rich historical detail, is a retired executive, entrepreneur, inventor and first-time author. Married, the father of four children, and blessed with sixteen grandchildren, Ron Levocz resides in the rural setting of Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, in the historic Brandywine River Valley. He is writing a second novel about Constantine the Great and the impact of the spear of Longinus on Constantine’s destiny. Bibliographic information Title The Spear of Longinus Author Reynold J Levocz Edition illustrated Publisher Manuscriptus-de-aestimare, 2013 ISBN 0989446301, 9780989446303 Length 440 pages
  1. Load more activity