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lothia

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lothia last won the day on July 29 2017

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About lothia

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  • Birthday 03/07/1947

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    Estancia, New Mexico, USA

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  1. Ave Civitas,I have a question about gifting.Now-a-days is it proper for a guest to bring a gift to a host when invited (to dinner, perhaps).Was it proper during the Later Roman Empire (4th-5th century) for the guest to bring a gift to a host when invited, or for the host to present a gift when a guest arrived?And what if the guest is a client of the host? Would that change protocol?Again, thank you in advance.
  2. Ave Civitas,Doing research for my novel, I ran across an interesting and informative article on Accute pain management in the Roman army.[ http://www.apicareonline.com/acute-pain-...oman-army/ ]ABSTRACT Ancient warfare involved hostilities between, among or within city-states, clans, tribes, chieftaincies, ethnic groups, empires, or with other organized collectives, by means of armed force. Periodic warfare is universal in time and place. Its causes are many and complex, but unquestionably involve microcosmic and macrocosmic factors. Organized violence causes pain, suffering and death among combatants. The Romans forged a medical system that surpassed the medical systems of most of the enemies that the Romans fought. The Roman military staff employed rapid medical treatment of wounds on the battlefield and at field hospitals, including analgesics to increase the speed of recovery. This treatment acted as a force multiplier to give an advantage in war. The alleviation of pain through the use of analgesics was a major factor in allowing minimally and moderately wounded soldiers to return to the battlefield as soon as possible. Key words: analgesic, immediate medical care, combat medicine.Editor, “APICARE”60-A, Nazim-u-Din Road, F-8/4Islamabad,44000, PakistanTom
  3. I am looking for information on Seleucia Pierea for a novel I am writing, circa AD 390. I am seeking descriptions of the city and area surrounding it. I would appreciate maps. I once found one years ago that showed the run of the city's walls and major buildings, but I cannot find it again. Link: http://www.gpsvisualizer.com/draw/?zoom=8&center=36.123889,35.921944&marker=Seleucia Pieria Is the area, according to Google, but, if you zoom in, the harbor there does not seem to be in the area of the original harbor. The original Roman harbor has silted shut. The harbor I find on map searches does not appear to be near a river, so I am wondering if the original harbor was south of the present one. The closest river is the Orontes, but it is six miles south. There is a channel, that looks man-made, about 1 1/2 miles south. Perhaps that was the original course of the Orontes. Any help is appreciated. Thanks.
  4. lothia

    coinage abbreviations

    I am writing a novel that features the emperor Eugenius. I am looking at an image of the solidus struck in Mediolanum and trying to understand the words along its edge. DN EVGENI-VS P F AVG I assume the EVGENIVS is his name. I also assume the AVG is "Augustus" The "P" I think is Pius. The "DN" is Dominus Noster and the "F" is filius. but filius, being -son- is not followed by a father's name or should it be considered to mean "the rightful successor? Anyone know what name should have followed the "F"?
  5. lothia

    The sudden death of Alaric

    I always look for cause and effect. Although Alaric was an effective general and commander, once he was in Italy his efforts stagnated. He couldn't storm the walls of Rome, I don't think he wanted to. He couldn't get the emperor to pay his troops. I think maybe his army was losing confidence in him. Then, when someone opens the gates to the city he limits the looting to secular buildings reducing the loot the army could have gotten. Next, Alaric decides he is moving to Africa. Down south he marches his army, gathers a fleet and then the fleet gets destroyed in a storm. Instead of giving up on Africa, he starts gathering more ships. Then, boom! He is dead. I smells pretty suspicious of assassination.
  6. Ave, Just ran across an on-line article from "Academia.edu Weekly Digest" that might be interesting to some readers. Tom
  7. lothia

    embezzlement

    Thank you. Very informative and helpful response. Tom
  8. lothia

    embezzlement

    Ave civitas, I am writing a series of books that follow Alaric the Goth. I have a fictional scenario where where an official accompanying the Roman army who is responsible for distribution of livestock for slaughter to the accompanying foederati units. He has been selling rather than doling out the animals and keeping the earnings. I would assume that this would be seen more as embezzlement than theft, but I am not sure. and if he were equestrian in rank, how would the commander (the official is a civilian) handle this case? Would he hold jurisdiction since it is army livestock, or would he turn the case over the civil authorities since the official is not a soldier?
  9. Pompieus, Thanks for your reply. Yes, that is the way I see it too, but was wondering if perhaps Africae was managed a bit differently. Comes Bonifatius took sides in a power struggle (don't want to call it a civil war, but perhaps it was. That must mean that Bonifatius had the support of the praetorian praefect and the vicar. Again, thanks.
  10. Ave Civitas,Still working on my novel, The Bandit King (All about Alaric). I am a little confused about Gildo and the reaches of his command.He was count of Africa. Was that a military district? The title count suggests it was.If so, how far did the military district extend?Did it include Africa Procunsularis, Mauretania Caesariensis, Mauretania Sitifensis, Numidia Militiana, Numidia Cirtensis and Tripolitania?If it did, and if he wanted to mobilize the whole army (When Stilicho declared war against him) would he need to enlist the Vicarius of Africa? The counsuls and praefects of Africa? Surely the Praetorian Praefect of Italy would tell the Vicar of Africa, "No." How could he supply his troops?It seems like such a daunting task, getting everyone on the same side of the line.Any information and sources (in English, I am handicapped that way) are appreciated.Again, thanks in advance.Tom
  11. lothia

    Dux Raetia

    Absolutely what I was looking for. Thank you very much.
  12. I am writing a novel that takes place in the closing years of the fourth century (AD 394). I cannot find where the Dux Raetia had its headquarters at that time. The ND does not help. I also looked through [ The_General_Civil_and_Military_Administration of Raetia and Noricum ] and found nothing about the Dux. Any place else I might look, or does anyone have an answer?
  13. lothia

    Life and times of Flavius Arbogast

    Caldrail, Thanks for the information about prisons. That is interesting about the "public face" . One of the characters in my novel will be Rufinus, the MoA. I am sure he used that tactic against his enemies and I assume his enemies would have used it against him. But now I wonder, how does someone defend against that? I will think on this for a while and then, if I can't find an answer somewhere, post it here to get opinions. By the way, you guys are great. Thanks.
  14. lothia

    Roman brains

    Thank you, Viggen. Excellent article. Very helpful. After reading it I do recall Galen, as an injury surgeon, made the connection between the brain and functions we now associate with the brain (thought, memory, actions, speech, etc.)
  15. lothia

    Roman brains

    If the Romans thought that the brain was a cooling organ, where did they think thoughts originated?
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