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Everything posted by dnewhous

  1. dnewhous

    Downfall of Rome

    The common answer to this is with a book, Edward Gibbon's The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
  2. dnewhous

    Mausoleum of Theodoric

    Theodric is the guy who beat Clovis I. But this did not secure peace between the new kinsmen of Theodoric. In 499 Chlodovech fell on Gundobad, to strip him of his realm, routed him, and shut him up in Avignon, the southernmost of his strongholds; but after many successes the Frank lost all that he had gained, and turned instead to attack the king of the Visigoths. Theodoric strove unsuccessfully to prevent both wars, and was not a little displeased when, in 507, his brother-in-law Chlodovech overran southern Gaul, and slew his son-in-law Alaric in battle. Burgundian and Frank then united to destroy the Visigoths, and might have done so had not Theodoric intervened. The heir of the Visigothic throne was now Amalric, the son of Alaric and of the king of Italy’s daughter. To defend his grandson’s realm Theodoric declared war both on Chlodovech and on Gundobad, and sent his armies over the Alps to save the remnants of the Visigothic possessions in Gaul. One host crossed the Cottian Alps, and fell on Burgundy; another entered Provence, and smote the Frank and Burgundian besiegers of Aries. With his usual good fortune, Theodoric recovered all Gaul south of the Durance and the Cevennes (509), so that the conquests of Chlodovech were confined to Aquitaine. Oman, Charles. The Dark Ages 476-918 A.D. (pp. 20-21). Augustine Books. Kindle Edition.
  3. The French kingdom may not have started until the reign of Hugh Capet because that's when the Duchy of Franconia entered into the French kingdom. That's too late for a beginning of the middle ages. IIRC, I think the answer that I once put on a test and got right was the death of Childeric I, Clovis I father. Why that? Because that's when Clovis I started on the rampage. That would be 481 AD. I was graded on the event, not the year. I can see how history is hard is that the textbook was coy with that and it was kind of an educated guess. It does beg the question, why not his coronation? I can only suppose now that I didn't know his coronation as king of the Franks came later. I think I would have answered that if I'd known. K, the dark ages has this to say In the third quarter of the fifth century the most important of the Frankish chiefs of the Merovingian line was a prince of the Salians, named Childerich, who dwelt at Tournay, and ruled in the valley of the upper Scheldt. He died in 481, leaving his throne to his sixteen-year-old son and heir, a prince named Chlodovech or Chlodwig, who was destined to found the great Frankish kingdom, by extinguishing the other Frankish principalities, and conquering Oman, Charles. The Dark Ages 476-918 A.D. (p. 40). Augustine Books. Kindle Edition. So it looks like the original title of Clovis I was prince of the Salian Franks. I think there is a papal bull on the issue, but it's not available. K, I think the way to put it is that the start of the middle ages was a part of the liturgy, and I don't know if it still is. You are supposed to read back to the instructor your grade on your first history exam the start of your freshman year in highschool. Also, something like that is supposed to happen in the first grade. The home school books by Susan Wise Bauer are of little difference, 410 for the beginning of the middle ages, the printing press for the end. The National Geographic World history book implicitly chooses the death of Childeric I, saying that in 481 the Franks had a new king. The acknowledgements say the information comes from the Bettman Archive. Manoralism started during the empire and there's no reference to feudalism in medieval documents until after Hugh Capet, so I don't think anything epoch changing happened between Childeric's death and Clovis's coronation. "The term "feudal" or "feodal" is derived from the medieval Latin word feodum. The etymology of feodum is complex with multiple theories, some suggesting a Germanic origin (the most widely held view) and others suggesting an Arabic origin. Initially in medieval Latin European documents, a land grant in exchange for service was called a beneficium (Latin).[ 16] Later, the term feudum, or feodum, began to replace beneficium in the documents.[ 16] The first attested instance of this is from 984, although more primitive..." Wikipedia contributors. Focus On: Feudalism: Feudalism, Prince, Serfdom, Nobility, Lord, Peasant, Emirate, Charter, Manorialism, Motte-and-bailey Castle, etc. (Kindle Locations 177-184). Focus On. Kindle Edition. So basically feudalism started after the fall of the Carolingian Empire. Now what about Clovis I? Britannica, suprisingly enough, declares that Clovis I "While he was not the first Frankish king, he was the kingdom’s political and religious founder." But it also says Clovis I, (born c. 466—died November 27, 511, Paris, France), king of the Franks and ruler of much of Gaul from 481 to 511, a key period during the transformation of the Roman Empire into Europe. K, what I think this means is they are calling his father Childeric I the first king of the Franks. So I looked in the Dark Ages on Clovis I, summary "Conversion of Chlodovech, 496 — He conquers Aquitaine from the Visigoths, 507 — He unites all the Frankish Kingdoms, 511." Oman, Charles. The Dark Ages 476-918 A.D. (pp. 38-39). Augustine Books. Kindle Edition. But the wikipedia says, "Clovis executes the last pagan regulus. Clovis is declared the king of all the Franks" in 509. Murder most foul! From the wikipedia, "In 509, Clovis visited his old ally, Ragnachar in Cambrai. Following his conversion, many of his pagan retainers had defected to Ragnachar's side, making him a political threat. Ragnachar denied Clovis's entry, prompting Clovis to make a move against him. He bribed Ragnachar's retainers and soon, Ragnachar and his brother, Ricchar were captured and executed." Now, "In 509 (A.D.) he was elected king by the Ripuarians, and raised upon a shield in the city of Cologne, according to the Frankish custom, amid general acclamation. "And thus, said Gregory of Tours, " God daily prostrated his enemies before him and increased his kingdom, because he walked before him with an upright heart, and did what was pleasing in his eyes!" — so completely did his services to the Catholic Church conceal his moral deformities from the eyes of even the best of the ecclesiastical historians." Collection, .. Clovis . Editions Le Mono. Kindle Edition. Curiously, IIRC, the title of the French king in the 100 years war is "Prince de Paris." Currently, it is the name of a restaurant in Casablanca. Did Clovis have control of Paris? With a closer reading of the wikipedia, "Clovis I united all the Frankish petty kingdoms as well as most of Roman Gaul under his rule, conquering the Domain of Soissons of the Roman general Syagrius as well as the Visigothic Kingdom of Toulouse. He took his seat at Paris, which along with Soissons, Reims, Metz, and Orléans became the chief residences. Upon his death, the kingdom was split among his four sons." So, yes he did have control of Paris. The discrepancy in whether or not Clovis I was king of the Franks might also be explained with better maps. If you search "Gaul" on the wikipedia there is a pre-Roman map of Gaul that shows Aquitaine as being quite large. Modern Aquitaine is small. According to the wikipedia, "Aquitaine passed to France in 1137 when the duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine married Louis VII of France, but their marriage was annulled in 1152." As I might point out, if the Duchy of Aquitaine is not sworn to the French king, it must be sworn to the emperor. Note, in the books Dark Ages and History of France when it refers to the emperor it means the eastern, Byzantine emperor. On to the origin of the Basilica of Saint-Denis: "Dagobert I who, as every French schoolboy knows, put on his trousers inside out.* But he also did a good deal more. In 630 or thereabouts he annexed Alsace, the Vosges and the Ardennes, creating a new duchy, and he made Paris his capital. Though his debaucheries were famous – hence the perfectly idiotic little song – he was deeply religious and founded the Basilica of Saint-Denis, in which he was the first French king to be buried." Norwich, John Julius. A History of France (p. 30). Grove Atlantic. Kindle Edition. According to the wikipedia "The Basilica of Saint-Denis (French: Basilique royale de Saint-Denis, or simply Basilique Saint-Denis) is a large medieval abbey church in the city of Saint-Denis, now a northern suburb of Paris. The building is of singular importance historically and architecturally as its choir, completed in 1144, shows the first use of all of the elements of Gothic architecture.[citation needed] "The site originated as a Gallo-Roman cemetery in late Roman times. The archaeological remains still lie beneath the cathedral; the people buried there seem to have had a faith that was a mix of Christian and pre-Christian beliefs and practices.[1] Around 475 St. Genevieve purchased some land and built Saint-Denys de la Chapelle. In 636 on the orders of Dagobert I the relics of Saint Denis, a patron saint of France, were reinterred in the basilica. The relics of St-Denis, which had been transferred to the parish church of the town in 1795, were brought back again to the abbey in 1819." However, if you take a standpoint that the king of the Franks needs to take the throne (and the title with it), after they have united the Franks, then the first king of the Franks might be Theuderic III. From the wikipedia, "Theuderic III was recognized as king of all the Franks in 679. From then on, the kingdom of the Franks can be treated as a unit again for all but a very brief period of civil war." Clovis I remains important as the first man of that lineage that was baptized. His tomb is also at the Basilica of Saint-Denis. The way to tell for sure what his title is, is to go to his tomb and look at the engraving, which should be in Latin. "Rex du ..." I suppose. As to king of the Franks, the first French king in Paris to have control of the Duchy of Franconia is Hugh Capet. That's well after Charlemagne. Clovis grandfather Merovich fought with the empire against Attila the Hun. There is a book called the Merovingian kingdoms and I don't see didley. A History of the Franks doesn't have anything either. Clovis had 4 titles that need to be enumerated title after birth title after father's death title after coronation in 509 title at tomb in Paris Also, the climactic battle between Clovis I and the Byzantine emperor. IIRC they fought one on one and the Byzantine emperor had the victory. Also, the date of Clovis I's marriage and the names and DOB of his children would be essential too.
  4. Was Dorian Greek anything like Mycenaean or Macedonian?
  5. dnewhous

    The Mob Rules

    What is the word for "people" in Etruscan?
  6. dnewhous

    The Mob Rules

    legerdomain means the debtors of society and lenderdomain means the creditors of society
  7. dnewhous

    The Mob Rules

    persona non grata in Latin mean the person shall not be pleasing
  8. dnewhous

    The Mob Rules

    the people in Sapanish are "gente" Is it possible that Etruscan was the lingua franca of the Roman empire? jus sanguinis and jus solis have posts discussing their modern significance on Youtube. IIRC, that is not how these issues were spelled before. jus sanguis and jus soilis, IIRC.
  9. dnewhous

    Syria and Assyria

    Now that I know the voice actor for Galvatron, Michael "Akkad" Kirkuk Gibraltar, is Kurdistan Assyria? And is Kirkuk the same as the ancient city of Akkad?
  10. dnewhous

    The Mob Rules

    Is Semitism similar to Akkadian?
  11. dnewhous

    The Mob Rules

    persona mob = mob The Hebrews of the bible appear to be paid. It is not clear in what sense they were slaves. I think they were indentured, that is the sense they were slaves. They were indentured in the sense what the Pharoah wanted was a vaccine for sea anemone poison for the release of the jews. I have been told or have theorized in the past that a slave is someone who must worship the God of their sovereign against their will. Silliness, the jews had their God, and the pharoah had his, Osiris. The word is legerdomain for those who must worship the God of their sovereign. I'm trying to remember a court decision, and its possible reversal. I remember a peculiar decision "the people shall not be construed as to include the legerdomain of society."
  12. What were the banners of the legions? I think I saw them once on this site. Of particular interest are the 5th legion, the praetorian guard, and the emperor himself. I see what's on the wikipedia, and I wondered if everyone thought they were legit? I don't want to lead any witnesses.
  13. dnewhous

    Epic rap battles: Octavian

    One of the epic rap battles of history had what looked like a real image of Octavian. The Roman soldiers looked - shocking. It appeared as a comedy sketch after one of the epic rap battles. Has anyone seen the Youtube video?
  14. dnewhous

    pardon power

    Is there a book about how early Christians felt about the pardon power in Rome?
  15. dnewhous

    Alexander: Great?

    Are we sure that Alexander the Great is dead? Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Alexander,_1st_Earl_Alexander_of_Tunis
  16. Does anyone know the name of the guy who left the FDR administration (civil service) and wrote a book criticizing its policies?
  17. After Seven Years from Raymond Moley.
  18. dnewhous


    What were the lowest paid positions in the army?
  19. dnewhous

    Profile Picture

    I'm trying to import my profile picture from facebook. A message says "your content will need to be approved by a moderator." The size of my profile picture on facebook is less than 0.1 MB.
  20. dnewhous

    Economic philosophies

    left: Karl Marx John Maynard Keynes Paul Krugman Libertarian: Thomas Jefferson David Ricardo (1) Andrew Jackson Grover Cleveland Warren G Harding Calvin Coolidge Ludwig Von Mises (2) Joseph Schumpeter (3) Friedrick von Hayek (4) Raymond Moley (5) Paul Volcker (6) Robert Reich (7) Marc Faber (8) right: Adam Smith Alexander Hamilton Irving Fisher Milton Friedman Ronald Reagan Arthur Laffer Larry Kudlow Donald Moffitt
  21. dnewhous

    Hellenic region in Italy

    The converse question is really important, were there any Etruscan areas in Greece or Anatolia?
  22. dnewhous

    Hellenic region in Italy

    What was the name of the Hellenic region in Italy? What dialect did they speak? Magna Graecia, according to the wikipedia is Achean, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Graecia. But according to the Hellenic language tree, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hellenic_languages, the Greeks who mixed with Romans were Ionians.
  23. dnewhous

    Etruscan alphabet

    What does the Etruscan alphabet look like and what are its antecedents? It's hard to get a straight answer out of the wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etruscan_language It appears the best answer for the language is that it is semitic. The best answer for the alphabet is that it is semitic as well? But semites used ideograms! If the alphabet is derived from Greek, let's see the symbols. If I understand correctly, semitic is a famly of languages that came to dominate the middle east after the old kingdom/new kingdom break. I suppose it would be a transfer of dominance from Sumer to Akkad in the middle east. The dominate semitic dialect became Akkadian, but I haven't had enough time to read everything I want to and I never will. As Gandalf said, there is never enough time. Anyway, has anyone ever compared Etruscan to Egyptian? I'm shooting in the dark, but so is the wikipedia. Isn't pharaoh "Great House" in Etruscan? What was the "real" title of the Egyptian ruler? I'm going to head to the library and check worldbook. I know it used to be there. It starts with an 'm'?
  24. At the time of the 2nd Punic War, what was the region of Italy where the Greek speaking peoples lived called?
  25. What was the name of the wall before Hadrian's Wall?