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Showing content with the highest reputation since 07/31/2020 in Posts

  1. 2 points
    I just saw this awhile ago. https://www.theverge.com/2020/8/21/21395115/roman-emperors-photorealistic-portraits-ai-artbreeder-dan-voshart
  2. 1 point
    I have been thinking of two posters, Nephele and Sam. I've forgotten Sam's forum name, but he was a guide at Hadrian's wall in England. Nephele would give us our Roman names. I suppose they went to Facebook? I don't do FB. Just curious as to how they are doing, esp. during this pandemic.
  3. 1 point
    Aquae Sulis would be a great experience. Thanks for sharing.
  4. 1 point
    China made a few instances of contact, but only on the eastern fringes. Rome is supposed to have made one diplomatic visit to China and a Roman ship is known to have reached their shores. One chinese gentleman was ordered to contact Rome and ask for military assistance against barbarian raiders. He reached the Persian Gulf and asked if he could reach Rome by sea. Yes, he was told, but you have to sail around Africa. The sailors gave him detailed advice on how to prepare for such a voyage. Makes you wonder how they knew.
  5. 1 point
    Very late response and I hope you still lurk here to read my response. But yes its one of the downfall of the Roman Empire but paradoxically one of the reasons the Roman Empire survived so long. A great introductory book is The True Believer by Eric Hoffer. Its not specifically on the Roman Empire but he does note some universal factors that led to the downfall of civilizations among which he quotes events in the Roman Empire. I'll try to look for quotes. But I hope you are here to see my post. Go read The True Believer and you will see how much education and the elitist intellectuals both destroyed and ensured the survival of the Roman Empire.
  6. 1 point
    I don't mean to make a habit of posting these, but lately I've come across a couple of good ones. Here's the latest.
  7. 1 point
    We are building a photoreal quality Pantheon that seeks to be historically accurate but also enjoyable to explore for those interested. Looking for people that want to help out with the project and also people that would like to experience the building through modern virtual reality headsets and other options (like a full walking simulator). I am aware of other projects but this one is attempting to build what people want. A general model has been built, but it is currently not 100% complete and lacks textures. I recently rendered some 360 degree panoramas, which can be viewed here: https://roundme.com/tour/666920/edit/2113151 What do you think would be of value for this project, some of my ideas are: -Interactive simulation, e.g. change the sun position, experiment with the Pantheon as a sundial idea -Time travel mode, where you can experience the Pantheon how it looked at various times in history. -Interactive comment system where the public/academics can suggest improvements or historical inaccuracies Looking forward to feedback and suggestions.
  8. 1 point
    Some details are known about colours, but its still early days for that research field. See here: https://buntegoetter.liebieghaus.de/en/
  9. 1 point
    What a marvelous plan. I wonder what the interior (and the exterior) of the Pantheon looked like at the time of Hadrian. Do we even know? I assume there were religious ceremonies, possible sacrifices to the gods. I can only wonder what sculptures of the gods and deified emperors existed inside. What other riches were found in the interior? The interior and exterior colors were certainly vibrant and not marble white. Good luck with your continued project. guy also known as gaius
  10. 1 point
    I can't tell you how many times popular portrayals of shieldwall formations by disciplined armies were so well coordinated that they did not have any holes or gaps in them that no arrows can possibly hit a single soldiers in the ranks. In fact disciplined armies such as the Normans are often portrayed as being so interconnected in their wall formations that there is no way for even an opposing army without a shieldwall to inflict casualties. So long as you remain in the wall formation your shield will protact you from any direct blow and the enemy soldiers would have to either break the formation by overwhelming with sheer numbers or hit with weapons strong enough to pierce or smash the shields of individual soldiers.If they can't do that and if they fight otuside a shield formation, you're guaranteed to win with minimal or even no casualties. Pop media portrayals of the Greeks and Romans take this up to eleven in specific film portrayals where the Greek Phalanx and (especially) Roman Tetsudo are done with such coordination and discipline that they LITERALLY CONNECT like Lego pieces! The opening scene from Gladiators where Roman legions battle Germaic barbarians exemplifies just how "perfectly" connecting the Roman Tetsudo is portrayed in movies and shieldwalls are in mass media in general. Not a single gap enemy arrows could penetrate and despite the terrains Romans were able to hold a near perfect front wall shield row while on the march. However I was watching a historical reenactment the other day and I was absolutely shocked at just how much gaps there were int he Tetsudo formation just as practised by re-enactorrs. There was so much obvious holes that it looked like even a harpoon could enter the formation without a shield getting int he way and in the reenactment many participants admitted they were hit by arrows despite being in shieldwall. In addition not counting the gaps, the shields did not look like they could connect perfectly like lego toys that is often portrayed in movies. Even when they stop marching and assume defensive position awaiting the barbarian rush the front row don't even look like a wall of shields more like individuals holding their shield outs. Despite attempting to interconnect their shields together as they awaited the Barbarian rush, they looked less like the wall in movies and more like barbarian hordes they were supposed to fight in the re-enactment. Even the shields they wielded looked too bulky to ever "connect perfectly like lego pieces". I actually went and talk to some of the enactors to help me do an experiment in an attempt to imitate the Tetsudo in movies and when I tried to connect my shield to enacters side by side me, it was so damn difficult to literally make them touch each other and in fact the shields were of various sizes it was impossible to keep a symmetrical front row that looked perfect like in films. Even when we did come close to copying placing the shields close together side by side, it was so skimpy trying to copy movie style shieldwalls that we could barely move forward in a march let alone swing our sword or thrust our spear. In fact in some attempts we were even literally touching each other should by shoulder and nd some of us got scratches and scrapes by our weapons and armor parts. We ultimately had to put some distance between our shields to effectively simulate swinging weapons. I know we were just re-enacting but this event made me curious if the Shieldwall was not as fancy looking and perfect protection movies portray. The fact trying to connect it like lego pieces in the front row alone made it so tight we couldn't even march nevermind throw a spear. We even had difficulties getting out of the wall.
  11. 1 point
    Same thing has happened everywhere in Britain. We used to have an industrial landscape that just doesn't exist any more. Locally, I remember when the canal wharf warehouse was pulled down, or the redevelopment of Little London. That said, in the middle of Old Town, in amongst the tightly packed terraces you can still find country cottages from before the railways came, when Swindon was a small market village on top of the hill.
  12. 1 point
    Do go there. You get a sense of the scale of a Roman fort and vicus and the closeness of the local community (though it was actually less compact than some settlements along the wall). As a site it feels a little odd because it's perched on a slope above a river valley and not what you would ordinarily expect. The reconstructions like the gate one has to take with some measure of salt, but there's nonetheless a real sense of something happening there.
  13. 1 point
    đŸ™‚ Isn't there an old Roman ethic that historians should stick to res publica or something like that? Plutarch - Parallel Lives. First Century. Greece of late antiquity during the Pax Romana. The height of the power of the Roman empire. Plutarch is wiki'd as a biographer (Britannica as well) rather than a historian. Originally written in Koine Greek. Dio Cassius - The Roman History: The Reign of Augustus. Originally written in Latin. Peter Brown - the World of Late Antiquity. I didn't know about this one until I wiki'd late antiquity not knowing exactly what it referred to. He is a modern historian exploring what we call the Dark Ages. Originally in English. Eric H Cline - 1177 BC the year civilization collapsed - an exclamation point to the end of Mycenean Greece. I didn't think we'd ever know exactly when it came to an end, but why not? That would be the end of what most people consider the ancient world. Originally in English. Procopius - The Secret History The story of Justinian's reign. Originally in Koine Greek. Ian Wood - the Merovingian Kings - covers neither Clovis I nor Charlemagne, so it's not that interesting. It's really missing Merovich, Childeric I, Clovis I, the book as is, Charlemagne, Louis the Pious, and his 3 sons. That puts the timeline from the namesake of the line through the end of the Carolingian Empire, in 816, as seen by the Catholic church. Originally in English Geoffrey of Monmouth - The History of the Kings of Britain - AFAIK this is the original story of king Arthur included. Written in the 12th century, in Welsh. It appears he is an Angle? He is fighting the Saxons in Britain. There's no Excalibur or anything really exciting. As an added bonus, I'd like to provide the definition of history from the Encyclopedia Britannica: History, the discipline that studies the chronological record of events (as affecting a nation or people), based on a critical examination of source materials and usually presenting an explanation of their causes.
  14. 1 point
    That's a lot of litter boxes to clean. đŸ˜‰
  15. 1 point
    As twilight descends on the 3rd century AD, the Roman Empire is but a shadow of its former self. Decades of usurping emperors, splinter kingdoms and savage wars have left the people beleaguered, the armies weary and the future uncertain. And into this chaos Emperor Diocletian steps, reforming the succession to allow for not one emperor to rule the world, but four. Meanwhile, two boys share a chance meeting in the great city of Treverorum as Diocletian's dream is announced to the imperial court. Throughout the years that follow, they share heartbreak and glory as that dream sours and the empire endures an era of tyranny and dread. Their lives are inextricably linked, their destinies ever-converging as they rise through Rome's savage stations, to the zenith of empire. For Constantine and Maxentius, the purple robes beckon... Sons of Rome, book 1 of the brand new 'Rise of Emperors' series by Gordon Doherty & Simon Turney Grab a copy here: http://getbook.at/rise1
  16. 1 point
    I have just published a book called "The Fall of the Republic" on the Catiline Conspiracy. While it is fictional, it adheres closely to Sallust's account and other historical sources. Here is a summary: In 63 B.C., Catiline—an angry, corrupt politician—conspired with foreign powers and criminal elements to overthrow the Roman Republic. Exploiting those who suffered from inequality, he sought to destroy the republic in the name of the people. In the end, he nearly achieved through violence what he could not attain by inciting the masses with lies. This true story of the near-destruction of a great republic contains poignant lessons for the ages. "The Fall of the Republic" is available on Amazon, in both paperback and Kindle editions. Use the link below or search for my name. I hope that you enjoy it! https://www.amazon.com/Fall-Republic-Scott-Savitz-ebook/dp/B08HZBNYS5/ref=tmm_kin_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=1600453425&sr=8-1
  17. 1 point
    Wow, I tried routing prowalk and other videos to my 4k TV with youtube app and it is stunning. Didn't try this earlier because I thought I would have to leave my google password sitting in the TV, but they allow me as anonymous for free. For some reason I can run 4k at double speed that would cause jerkiness on my laptop, which helps for instance on a 6 hour video walk thru Jerusalem. Sitting really close gives great immediacy as if folks might bump into you, altho I have to reduce over vividness with TV settings. Some really good vids to look for are Hadrian's Villa and also the Appian Way. I didn't find great ones, but will post a teaser that lets you imagine how good an Appia Antica one could be if they would just walk or bike continuously without a lot of chit chat:
  18. 1 point
  19. 1 point
    Gopro vlogging on youtube now extends to walkabouts of Roman sites in amazing detail with even surround sound, such as the Prowalk Tours series. I find these play best at youtube's 1440p setting on any laptop. If it has poor speakers then some stereo headphones will pay off, and of course hit the youtube button to expand into fullscreen: I haven't fully watched these 2 but usually they are even better than being there live in some ways, with drone segments and good weather, etc. He has several versons of each of these, depending on your preferences, and there are similar series by others. https://www.youtube.com/c/ProWalks/videos
  20. 1 point
    In his 'Penguin Atlas of Medieval History' Colin McEvedy states that the last pagans were around at the time of Heraclius (early 7th century). I don't know what his source was, however. A year or two ago on BBC I saw a news article about modern greeks who have started worshipping the old gods, dressing in ancient greek clothes and going to Delphi etc etc. As an agnostic verging on atheism I say good look to them, at least it is a religion directly ancestral to their own culture. The thing that made me laugh was an Orthodox bishop, saying they were infantile and that their religion was nonsense. Really? From someone who believes that a guy walked on water and rose from the dead?
  21. 1 point
    Just to add two bits worth here ... one of Constantine's major achievements was to stabilize the currency which had been in runaway inflation mode up to this point. (The new coinage of the libra, solidus and denarius made up the £.S.d which anyone familiar with British currency until a few decades ago will recall.) This stabilization was done by using temple treasure, and in the process peeving quite a few devout pagans. Therefore C. needed political support to balance those alienated pagans. This support was most easily obtained from those who had no interest in keeping treasure in the temples - i.e. the Christians. Not saying this was Constantine's only reason for backing the Christians, but given his general cynicism, I'd say it was certainly on the list. (Have you noted the total lack of Christian iconography on his triumphal arch, which was built somewhat earlier?)
  22. 1 point
    Hadrian's wall was an eminently practical structure when you consider its purposes. A. To intimidate the barbarians (on either side of the wall) with a structure of a size that was almost unimaginable.That's why the wall sometimes continues along ridges that were imapssable anyway. B. To restrict and channel movement. Bascially a border post. C. And most importantly - to prevent large-scale raids. Sure you can get an army over the thing with a bit of delay and effort. But how to get the cattle and waggon-loads of booty back over the wall in a hurry? Especially when there's a somewhat irritable Roman army coming up behind. The Rhine probably gave the Romans the idea, and Hadrian's wall was an attempt to reproduce a natural feature that had the same effect.
  23. 1 point
    Well, okay; I wasn't going to say anything, but I figured: what the heck. It's a common misconception that Mother Teresa made any contribution to mankind. The majority of money raised did not go to the poor in Calcutta; it went to building nunneries to indoctrinate women into Mother Teresa's unique brand of 'compassion.' She mistreated those she was charged to help; she allowed countless people to die who could easily have been saved through modern medicine. She was a vicious, phony fraud. And we recently found out that for fifty years she didn't believe in God or Jesus; she tried to, she wanted to, but she couldn't feel their presence. This serves to illustrate her motives: she did what she did for two reasons. One, to fight off her demons, and, Two, in a selfish attempt to feel the presence of God and Jesus. Don
  24. 1 point
    I believe you're objecting to the inclusion of Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu for the wrong reasons. "Influential" does not necessarily equal "benign." Note that Hitler, Stalin, Ghengis Khan, etc. are also on the list. -- Nephele
  25. 1 point
    I'll go along with the moslem request ON THE DAY CHRISTIANS MAY WORSHIP IN SANCTA SOPHIA. Same circumstances.
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