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About Severus

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  1. Severus


    An interesting and heated debate. Something I found interesting was this. . . I never considered it before but if Caesar had been as ruthless and efficient at exterminating his enemies as Sulla had been before him, then perhaps he would have lived out the natural course of his life. I have always sympathized with Marius and loathed Sulla. I also approve of Caesar's magnanimous and open-handed policy of forgiving his enemies, but I am now forced to consider that if Caesar had killed all of his enemies he could possibly have gone about his work for a much longer time and possibly avoided the whole second set of triumvirs. . . thus saving more Romans from civil war. Those spared by Caesar were not grateful in the least. Letting them live turned out to be a mistake (but I approve of Caesar's intention to spare fellow Romans) Severus
  2. Severus

    The Eternal Republic?

    Miguel, I think you are missing the point entirely. My post has nothing to do with the existence of America or what would have happened to the world if Rome survived. My post was simply to refute TCB's statement that because both Rome and the USA are of roughly similar size and the US is governed by a Republic and exists that Rome too could have existed under a Republic. My point about technology is Rome existed in a time of lower technology (no phones, no mass transit, no medicine, etc) making it difficult to sustain such a vast empire. I am not implying that Rome's technology would be worse if it had made it farther.
  3. Severus

    The Eternal Republic?

    Being a student of philosphy is true. But Marcus Aurelius never gives us any hint that he was a proponent of decentralized government. That is just wishful thinking. Marcus Aurelius saw the benefits of a strong centralized government (being a part of the 5 adoptive emperors who, arguably, are the "best" in Roman history) and hoped it would continue with the appointment of his son Commodus. . . I have to take issue with another quote While they might be roughly similar in size, Rome and the USA are dissimilar in hundreds of other aspects. a Majority of the Roman empire was borders with very little interior. They had a hundreds of wildly different cultures within the empire, they had a low level of technology, a much smaller population density, and active enemies that sought to attack at any sign of weakness. Them's just a few of the differences! Simply saying "If the USA's republican government can run a big hunk of land so could the ancient Roman Republic" is not a logical argument.
  4. Severus

    The Eternal Republic?

    The Roman Republic was only capable of "working well" when it governed a relatively small territory. It was still wracked with revolts (angry plebs and soldiery getting the shaft by the arsitocrats) military failures, and poor leadership. As Rome grew it became obvious that the Republican system was woefully inadequate to govern an empire. By the Time of Marius and Sulla you had a standing, professional army (necessary to defend the ever growing Roman borders) that were liable to side with a single man instead of always protecting the state itself (a huge problem), By the end the Republic was rife with corruption, awash in bloody civil wars, proscriptions, and the whole government could be brought to a dead halt by a single tribune's veto. Political issues were decided by who had the stronger gang of thugs or who could buy enough votes in the senate. Does this sound like a government capable of running an empire? The Imperial system could be equally as bad, but in the hands of a capable leader, who chose his subordinates and successors well, it was much more efficient & stable than the Republic could have ever been. I think if we are putting forward the idea of an eternal Rome, a refined Imperial succession and some kind of checks and balances of the Army would helped As for Marcus Aurelius restoring the Republic. . . I think someone has been watching too much "Gladiator" with Russell Crowe.
  5. Good point Pertinax. I have heard the term expeditii before but I don't recall Caesar ever using his legions in such a fashion (but I haven't read The Gallic Wars in 10 years. . .) probably the best lead so far. When I get home I will do some reading. . . Thanks
  6. P.Pilus The person I emailed was probably a sales rep who had nothing to do with the sculpting of the figures or any detailed knowledge of the history behind them. The person who had sculpted the line was not part of the company. I must say that the Foundry models I have seen have very good attention to detail (lorica hamata is correctly portrayed, wearing the right type of helmet, swords.. . even down to the Centurion wearing his scabbard on the left while rank and file wear them on the right) in Romans and other cultures (Trojan War Greeks, Spartans, Late Imperials) that seem to coincide with the facts as I have learned them. That is why when I saw the unarmored legionaires I assumed I was lacking in my knowledge of the equipment of Caesar's troops. I don't see it as an attempt to earn more revenue (they offer a full stocked properly armored version of his troops) and there is no repeat of this in any other model set (republican, Imperial, or Late Roman armies) It's a mystery. . . .
  7. Thanks for the help guys. From my own knowledge of Ceasars troops I have no recollection of unarmored troops. I emailed the company that made the models. They had no answers and the sculptors have since left the employ of Foundry. I have also found that another model maker (Gripping Beast) also has a line of unarmored Caesareans. I will assume that no one has any ready knowledge of unarmored Romans and that the model makers have been taking some liberties (shame on them!) Look forward to more interesting debates and informative posts.
  8. You edited your original post and added the second half about Marius as I was typing a reply. I have quoted your original post in my post above . . . Severus
  9. I disagree with your statement. Since Marius' reforms of the army and the use of landless citizens in the legions soldiers were, for the most part, issued their gear. Before the time of Marius Roman soldiers were responsible for equipping themselves. I do not think it was so during the time of Caesar's Gallic wars. P.S. Lost Warrior, I am collecting an army but I have already decided on Caesarean Romans from either the Foundry or Gripping Beast line of miniatures Severus
  10. Severus

    Roman Narcotics

    The same Marcus Aurelius also strongly encourages the use of oppium in "Meditations". That must have been some Contubernium to chill in. I don't recall where I read this (whether it was taken from Meditations or some other speculative source) but I have a vague recollection that the oppium was also enjoyed while mixed into the wine. I think the picture of Commodus' later lunacy begins to unfold. Primi Pilus I have read the Meditations and don't recall Marcus Aurelius ever referring to using opium nor the cinnamon tree reference. Do you have any historical documents to back this up? Severus
  11. Thanks for the link but I am not looking for miniatures, I am looking for the reasons (historical hopefully) that caused foundry to cast a whole line of Caesarean legions without any body armor at all? Severus
  12. Nope check the link http://www.wargamesfoundry.com/collections/CR/1/index.asp Top row center and top row left. Legionaries Throwing Javelin (they have pilums in their hands) Legionaries Attacking with Sword (they are armed with a gladius) these are legionaries without body armor. . . Foundry seems like a knowledgable company that bases its molds on historical fact. What gives here? Severus
  13. Looking to start collecting a Caesarean army of 28mm figures. I went to the foundry site and came across models that are shown with the hamata armor I am familiar with, but there are also units of legionnaires shown wearing only a cloth tunic, helm and shield. Could anyone enlighten me on this and point me to some source that would show Caesar's legions going to battle without armor? http://www.wargamesfoundry.com/collections/CR/1/index.asp I have read the Gallic Wars and Civil Wars (not recently mind you) and I have no recollection of this sort of attire. Thanks in advance, Severus
  14. I'd just like to say this board has been a great source of information and discussion. I am glad to have stumbled upon it. My question is this (and I've looked through threads on the forum but couldn't find one that answered it) Can anyone help clarify who was allowed into the senate in regards to Plebians/Patricians? I am sure this question will have different answers depending on the time frame but I have no good sources on this and would like to clarify the info. Also what were the requirements for becoming a magistrate (any part of the cursus honorem) Any good websites or books that might help would be appreciated. Thanks in advance
  15. Severus

    The Taboo Roots Of Imperial Collapse

    I'd need to see facts about the "overwhelming" number of oriental or mixed stock citizens in Italy, Firstly I would say that the temperment and mores of Roman Italy was changed by endless war, an influx of wealth and prosperity from those wars, and changing values of successive generations (which is present in all cultures). Embracing foreign cults was common in the ancient world. Chronic laziness become apparent even in the time of Augustus, there was difficulty raising legions in Italy during the disaster in Germany. People gave up working on their farms (partly due to the giant slave tended latifundia) to live shiftless lives in the city where they were provided free bread and games. Is there evidence to blame this shirking of duty on orientals or mixed race citizens? I believe this is an incorrect assumption. Rome was still a vital and functioning empire in the 2nd century A.D., when did the orientals show up and start polluting the gene pool? Roman citizens (people of Italian stock) were tired of serving in the legions, they wanted to enjoy the benefits of society; peace, prosperity, law, etc. Tempting to who?