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dnewhous last won the day on March 27

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About dnewhous

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  1. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    It looks like Genghis Khan moved into the Forbidden City and took his title in Chinese. He was the start of the Yuan dynasty. I remember something else about history. If you examine Greek and Egyptian history closely, 1174 BC is the year that everything changed. Not exactly 1177 BC. There are now more eras than ever in Egyptian history. And I think that is the best year for making a division between the copper and the bronze age. That would mean video games would influence historical analysis and I don't necessarily think there's anything wrong with that. When would be the iron age? I don't know. This is known as the Late Bronze Age Collapse. I do remember the iron age was 4th century BC in Ohio. That was a very advanced gifted program in elementary school. I don't remember what the event trigger was. I'm fairly certain it was in Athens, Greece.
  2. dnewhous

    Real pirates: Queen Teuta

    Watch the documentary on Amazon.
  3. A Greek queen considered the first woman pirate. IIRC, the original 12 pirate captains were commissioned by her. That's what they were talking about in Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest when they gather all of the pirates to fight the English. Quote: "The art of piracy is deception."
  4. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    The castle used in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (1971) is gone. That is a travesty. That's the most popular king Arthur movie. The most important part of history is preserving landmarks and its gone. I forgot about the Travels of Marco Polo and I don't know if I ever knew about the Decameron, which does not appear to have been published until modern times.
  5. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    I make a lot of errors. Upon review, the castle that is "only a model" in Monty Python's Quest for the Holy Grail does not look like the landmark that is at the beginning of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (1971). If that's from the 7th century that's one heck of a build. It looks medieval! Winchester is mentioned in the History of the Britons. Le Morte d'Arthur uses the term "Camelot" but I don't see where the two are connected. Yvain mentions Carlisle Castle, it is right up against Hadrian's Wall and obviously the landmark of the movie Camelot. Percevel calls Yvain King Urien's son. So it looks like Arthur was mooching a Roman fort. The only tourist attraction in Winchester is called the Great Hall. There are castles in the area that might do for sight seeing.
  6. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    The digireads version of the Kings of Britain doesn't list a separate translator from Geoffrey of Monmouth. This suggests that Geoffrey of Monmouth is the translator. Which, if you believe in God, isn't a problem. It's actually a little bit humourous. It's not as flowery a translation as the Penguin Classics version. If it weren't for the authenticity of Geoffrey of Monmouth's own translation, I'd recommend it. That's what funny about this and some real questions about the authenticity of historical sources come in. What if the person sitting across from you is the source of the "manuscript?" Also, the dragon Mercury is also known as "Woden." And Wednesday is named after him. According to the wikipedia Woden = Odin. Same with Britannica. The jape about Lancelot getting eaten by Mercury wasn't that helpful. I think the story and I'm sorry i haven't had time to read it is that Mercury who is Merlin eats the Green Knight. That is offensive in that the Green Knight is like the guardian spirit of Britain. Ever play Civilization II Gold with the fantasy realm version? If your capital is taken a guardian spirit will appear giving you a reasonable chance of retaking it. Mercury is welsh! I do remember the significance of the Roger Lancelyn Green book. "Sir Athur and his Knights of the Round Table" is considered the original title of the story because it is the original title of the story in English. Remember Sir Gawain and the Green Knight was written by JRR Tolkien first, which is pre WWII but not as early as Sir Arthur. The trouble is that Hollywood keeps mining Le Morte d'Arthur, the earlier French titled book, for more of the story. Especially Linet. Now I remember the key fact of History of the King of Britain which is extraordinary. The first king of the Britons is named Brutus. This can be confused with Julius Caesar. The title king of the Britons does not appear with Brutus in Le Morte D'Arthur. Yvain is another knight. He is not Uther. King Urien's son in the story of Perceval. The original castle was at Carlisle. That castle is south of Hadrian's Wall. I see no real evidence Mercury ate anyone.
  7. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    Lancelot: the Knight of the Cart by Chretian de Troyes. This appears to be the book Camelot was based on. I'm looking for a dragon named Mercury because there is supposed to be a tie in to the Canterbury Tales. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight by Simon Armitage does not have the character Linnet in it. Le Morte D'Arthur by Thomas Malory is the stories that Hollywood has used. Oh, dear. Bram Stoker's Dracula Hollywood reshuffling alert. Because of that movie they decided to retitle a lot of Hollywood movies. And one of them that fell victim was the version of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight starring Sean Connery as the green knight in Sword of the Valiant. In Sword of the Valiant, Sean Connery makes clear he has come to steal the holy grail. Also, this version has the classic line, "I too have lived a borrowed year." I think it's a fall of Rome story, she's a priestess who knows the time of her people is coming to an end. The first work of fiction is now Merlin's Shame, Carmarthen Book 1. Lancelot is mentioned there so he does not originate with Chretian de Troyes. The name may remind you of the "black book of Gorthad" in the 1990 Lord of the Rings game. The original Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is clearly the most valuable Arthur movie, and the landmark in the original movie starring Nigel Green is lost. According to Yvain, Arthur started at Carlisle and somehow moved to Westminster for later books. A 3rd huge castle is in the UK at Northumberland. It is the place Saint Aidan lived. It is favored by Hollywood and looks genuinely medieval rather than dark ages.
  8. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    Did the dragon eat Lancelot for betraying the king by having sex with the queen? The character Linet is in Le Morte D'Arthur. So I suppose that means that the movie Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is more from the first chapter of Le Morte D'Arthur. The study of the Latin alphabet is worth some study, when I was younger it supposedly was missing a 'k' and a 'j' vis a vis our English alphabet. Now, it is the same thing. Iulius was Julius after all? Harold, the Last of the Saxon Kings is the last source on world history that I find particularly inspiring to find. It does give an alternate name for Arthur, Geraint.
  9. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    I think the common argument, IIRC, is that Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is considered a historical antecedent and that's where the existence of king Arthur gets its legitimacy. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight the movie, does not have a kiss between hero and heroine at the end. Maybe that's why they made Total Recall. Had to correct, the oldest source for the UK is the Gododdin poems by Aneurin. No need for more than one version of the Welsh poems. The Wife of Bath from the Canterbury Tales is connected to Le Morte d'Arthur somehow and I don't remember how. The wife of Bath is named Alison. There is a dragon. The dragon's name is Mercury. Le Morte d'Arthur talks about the God Mercury?
  10. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    King of East Anglia fighting the Saxons in the 7th century. That's not unreasonable. Britannica does have an entry for The History of the Kings of Britain. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is by Simon Armitage - that's the historical author, and it is up again on Amazon. This is where things get creepy, the man who played Arthur in Camelot is Richard Armitage. The movie closest to Le Morte D'Arthur is Excalibur.
  11. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    The wikipedia says He is best known for his chronicle The History of the Kings of Britain (Latin: De gestis Britonum or Historia Regum Britanniae)[1] which was widely popular in its day, being translated into other languages from its original Latin. It was given historical credence well into the 16th century,[2] but is now considered historically unreliable. The biggest problem is that "Uther Pendragon" is the only name we know for Arthur's father and it is absurd, we don't have a real name. I think there was a missing source. The wikipedia shows his ancestor as Constantine III. That may be, but that leaves a lot of people between. Arthur isn't any earlier than 7th century.
  12. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    Finally, something on primary sources, Primary source - Wikipedia
  13. dnewhous


    An Introduction to Pyschology by William Wundt Principles of Psychology by William James Animal Intelligence by Edward L Thorndike This is the book most recommended. Principles of Teaching: Based on Psychology by ELT Beyond the Pleasure Principle Sigmund Freud Ego and the Id Sigmund Freud I don't think that Freud was wrong but I don't think that he was clear half of the time. And there's nothing here about penis envy. Behaviorism John B Watson Conditioned Reflexes Ivan Pavlov Science and Human Behavior BF Skinner Hierarchy of Needs: A Theory of Human Motivation Abraham H Maslow Essential Chomsky Noam Chomsky This guy wrote for the New Republic. Love at Goon Park: Harry Harlow and The Science of Affection by Deborah Blum, this one won the Pulitzer prize. Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire by H. J Eysenck You Just Don't Understand by Deborah Tannen (forgot about this one) Change Your Brain, Change Your Life by Daniel Amen. Almost neurology rather than psychology. After this, notice the books become rather cognitive. The Seven Worst Things Good Parents Do (1999) Informed Consent: Legal Theory and Clinical Practice (2001) Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011) by Daniel Kahneman Rape is Rape (2013) Psychology: Essential Thinkers (2016) This free book on Kindle and is a good summary of significant figures in psychology. The Basics Melanie Klein (2018) Consent: the new Rules of Sex Education (2018) How to Stop Losing Your Shit with Your Kids (2018) not great, but there are few books on raising children I Never Called it Rape (2019) Consent for Kids (2020) The Summary and Analysis of Rape Culture: The Alarming Rise of Rape Culture (2021) Critical Thinking: Statistical Reasoning and Intuitive Judgment by Varda Liberman (Author), Amos Tversky (Author) (2024) Also, tongue in cheek intended, Flirting for Dummies, Relationships for dummies, Sex for dummies, making marriage work for dummies, pregnancy all in one for dummies, and emotionally focused couple therapy for dummies. The Dummies series consists of pyschology for dummies (2020), child psychology and development for Dummies (2011), forensic psychology for dummies (2012) , psychology statistics for dummies (2012), social psychology for dummies (2014), and cognitive psychology for dummies (2016). And, Criminology for Dummies.
  14. dnewhous

    Downfall of Rome

    If you mean downfall of the empire in the west, the most important events are the Deposition of Romulus Augustus - Wikipedia and the Fall of Constantinople - Wikipedia
  15. dnewhous

    Historical Historians

    Here's a summary in time order: 1177 BC - Eric H Cline (2014) This is the bridge between classical and ancient Greece. There is a controversy over the years of the bronze age v the years of the iron age. If you say the iron age started in 1500 BC, it's hard to describe Greece before 1177 BC. If you say the iron age starts at 1177 BC, there is a clear division. The Histories Herodotus of the Greco-Persian Wars (this translation first published in 1954) Written in 430 BC in the Ionic dialect of classical Greek from the Wikipedia. Britannica calls this one "The History." History of the Peloponnesian War Thucyides The History of Rome - Titus Livius The battle of orders? Should discuss the beginning of knighthood. Hannibal - Livy The Histories - Polybius (translated 2010) this is the authentic work titled "The Histories" according to Britannica. Commensurate with the 3rd Macedonian War. The Conquest of Gaul - Julius Caesar The Roman History: The Reign of Augustus Dio Cassius The birth of Christ is here. Also, the historical event of commissioning a census to discover the birthplace of the mother of God succeeded. I have also heard that 93% of Europe's cities were founded, with the funding being in excess for every one. Especially Vienna. Vienna have tried to return their gold to Rome over 3000 times because of his decision. The census is in Jesus of Nazareth. The "divine Augustus" they refer to is Octavius Caesar. The Romans agree to provide king Herod with amelioration for his people because of the effort the census. What you need to understand is, Mary signed the role book in exactly the same alphabet that I am using to type this sentence. The Annals - Cornelius Tacitus The Oxford version has the original author's full name and I'm sure is the right title. The Civil Wars - Appian Parallel Lives Plutarch The Lives of the Twelve Caesars Seutonius Hadrian The Restless Emperor Anthony R Birley (2000) the World of Late Antiquity by Peter Brown (1971) Alaric the Goth Douglas Boin (2020) City of God by Saint Augustine (2012) This is a historical work and not just a philosophical one The Dark Ages by Charles Oman (2017) original publication 1898, defines the dark ages as the deposition of Romulus Augustus until the reign of Hugh Capet. The dark ages as a historical phenomenon typically ends with the reign of Charlemagne. Order of Antrustions by ????? reveals the earliest Merovingian is Pharamund. A History of the Franks Saint Gregory of Tours Clovis History of the Founder of the Frank Monarchy (2017) the Merovingian Kings by Ian Wood. This ends before Charlemagne, and is therefore nowhere near as important as it should be. The Life of Charlemagne by Einhard. Written contemporaneously. Mayor of the Palace was his original adult title. It also uses the word "accession" which is a very good word to use. It means either inheritance of a title when your father dies or promotion by the Roman emperor himself. But that's not a proper use of the term, the emperor is not supposed to do that. Peerage law would probably prohibit it. The thing is, the Merovingian kings died out. From the names - it looks like an Ostrogothic line was chosen to inherit with Hugh Capet onwards. Charlemagne, King and Emperor (2019) by Janet L Nelson, this one squarely confronts the notion that the Dark Ages were contemporary with Charlemagne. The Secret History by Procopius covers Justinian, the Sack of Rome (546) by Ostrogoths, who had helped Byzantium face Clovis I, and the construction of the Hagia Sophia. History of the Britons (2017) originally published ??? The History of the Kings of Britain by Geoffrey of Monmouth (this translation first published in 1966) c. 1136 original publication Alfred the Great, (king of Wessex) (1983) originally published ???? Harold - the Last of the Saxon Kings by Edward B Lytton ???? Feudalism (???) by wikipedia, publication unknown. The Travels of Marco Polo by Marco Polo (original publication 1298, modern translation 1874) Decameron (2015) by Giovanni Boccaccio Norton library version Civilization of the Middle Ages (1993) Norman F Cantor. Original edition 1963. I swear this guy wrote for the New Republic. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Edward Gibbon (1776) - frequently cited by The New Republic Napolean Bonaparte by The History Hour. This describes the coronation properly. Altogether, 4 books on ancient Greece, 16 on Rome, 8 on France, and 4 on the United Kingdom, and 1 on the middle ages. Order of Antrustions has little copyright information. I've put publication dates on the more modern books. Also, the Secret History is Greek, rather than Roman. It's the Byzantine empire under Justinian.