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LEG X EQ

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About LEG X EQ

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  1. LEG X EQ

    Roman Slaves

    Strange, all the information i have (schopp) state that the Ligurians are Dinaric/Alpine, in the racial sense. Another thing that is strange, is how can the genoese be classified as South-Italians when SOUTH-Italian is a geocraphical term and Genoa and Liguria are undisputed Geocraphically NORTH-Italian?? Tuscany is central Italy, so how can one than claim that Liguria, which is north of Tuscany to be the south???
  2. LEG X EQ

    The Ligurians

    As for the text, you mention liberties. What exactly. The thing i find strange about the text is the reference to the women. Makes it seem that the women did male labour all year long, while De Mortillet describes it more as seasonal participation. As forThe shields, no the second quoted text has nothing to do with Diodorus, and isnt mentioned along with it. But in the text that was written in the history book refering to diodorus and the texts of de mortillet, all refer to gallic type shields. But, my logical guess is that. Like the Gallic Hordes, the Ligurian warriors were not uniformed in terms of helmets (did they use any?) and shields. The Ligurian tribes that lived on the cisalpine side, used the modified gallic type shield and the Transalpine Ligurians used the greek type shields. As for the rest, Long sleeved tunics, Cloaks and sheep wool pants are the norm of the ligurian warriors. In connection to the greeks, i only know about their trade, attacks on the colonies and the myth of the foundation of marseille, were the leader of the greeks marries a ligurian queen. ADDITION: This link, which has also passage from the text of Diodorus that i translated http://warflute.org/armies/ligurians_polemicus_army.html
  3. LEG X EQ

    The Ligurians

    Thanks, Its a pitty that all the information that the Etruscans collected and had were destroyed. We would all know more if they were still present. I found a text about the Taurinii and Salassii that was written from Diodorus Siculus ca. 50 BC in a german history book, passages were also used by Gabriel De Mortillet. (i translate the best i can) "The Salassi and Taurini inhabit a sour earth, and lead hard lifes. They carry powerful and heavy tools and weapons. The whole day they cut firewood, they work the earth, crack stones, because of the harshness of the land. They succeed to tame the nature with their consistancy of hard work, but they pick rare fruits with difficulty. They share the hard work with their women, who are accustomed to work with their men. They get their main food sources from Hunting and Fishing to compensate the poverty that comes from the fruits and land. Since, they live on incredible mounts (Alps) they are accustomed to face roughness, become strong and muscular in the body. In these places the women have the force and the authority of the men. -- In Battle they have an armor lighter than one of the Roman, they protect with an oblong shield, in compliance with the Gallic use, and the tunica is tightened by a belt and they wear pants made of sheep wool. They have one sword of medium length. They are strong and fearless not only for the war, but also in the comparisons of the difficulties that, in the life, introduce sourness.-- They take care of their Long hairs which they wash in the cold alpine streams." I would like to add: On the topic of their height, i couldnt find anything. I know the Ligurians were considered great warriors and employed by the syracuse(greeks) as mercanaries. But also there i didnt find anything on their height. All i found was this Ligurians: They wore long sleeved tunics with a broad leather belt and a cloak. These were probably fairly plain for the ordinary warriors but more varied for the richer ones. Their shields were Gallic style but chopped of at the top and bottom. Archaic conical helmets may have been worn. As for the Lepontii, i have read in numerous texts that they used the Etruscan Runes (alphabet)(the exact same runes, not a variant), is that true? Can any really confirm this?
  4. LEG X EQ

    The Ligurians

    Thanks, Celto-Ligures was also where i was leaning to. As for their height, how much was their average height? All i know about their appearance is that they were descriped as to be the first of the long haired nations and to have auburn coloured (red/brown) hairs. Strabo said: Many tribes occupy these mountains, all Celtic except the Ligurians; but while these Ligurians belong to a different people still they are similar to the Celts in their modes of life. Could it be that the Lepontii are also Ligurian or Celto-Liguria? The Lgures are the carrieres of the Terramare culture that took place in north-west Italy and south-east switzerland, The Ligures than migrated by boat all along the Rhone and its valley and from there, along the french riviera. So could it be that the lepontii are a ligure tribe?
  5. LEG X EQ

    Talk About Druids.

    @Rameses the Great No, i am deffinatly not out to get you or insult you. I have no intentions of doing this what so ever. It could be my German way that i take things to literally. But trust me, i am not getting personal over a PC, because its idiotic and cowerdice. So dont interpretate any emotions or intentions into my posts. Ancient History is delicate issue, especially on continental europe. So i take things a little to precise sometimes and it could seem that i am attacking you, but i am not. I just try to point out certain Historic facts in the best possible english i can come up with. so, no bad blood.
  6. LEG X EQ

    Phalanx Vs. Legions

    @Rameses TG I dont think the Gallic wars took that long, even if you count the Helvetii and Ariovistus. So the Romans did the best job in the gallic wars as one could have done. In Alesia, final battle. 280.000 Gauls vs. 55.000 Romans and the Romans won. As For UK, the romans had a stronghold, they managed the Boudicca revolt just fine in my opinion. Now, there i would have been surprised how the greeks would have managed. And the Romans learned from every defeeat. Cannae lost, Zama won. The whole 2nd Punic war, Rome was devided and they won the war. The Italic tribes and Greeks that took care of hannibals troops were all punished later on. Rome won the 2. Punic War. The greeks couldnt even defeat the carthagians in sicily. The Greeks were overrun by the Romans, Historic fact. End of story. ( Rome was a Government, not an ethnicity or Tribe. This government united Italic, Cisalpine Gauls, Ligures, Etruscans and Venetics. This union of warriors formed a mighty force that was hard to be stoped.) Caesar had a large amount of Cisalpine Gauls in his army at the conquest of Gallia.(Senonii, Insubres, Cenomani, Urobii etc) and cut threw gallia like a hot blade threw butter. Also the germanic warlord Ariovistus was not a problem.
  7. LEG X EQ

    Talk About Druids.

    Ok, all i will do is paste your absolute incorrect post with all its incorrect information, for most:Celtic culture evolved from northern Gaul and particularly in England. So don't say I don't know much about Celtic culture and let other board members have a say at your post. All i have to say inform yourself about Indo-European Migrations, Indo-European Cultures (lausitz, Urnfield etc.) and about Keltic migration. To your false interpretations, i never said that the italics created the druids. The Italic Tribes are Indo-European tribes of the Urn Field Culture that migrated south. And The Kelts migrated west. Have a little bit more respect for ancient tradiotns before you demonise them in public. As for your albanian refference, i have no idea what that is about?? Yes, Gauls invaded most of the Balkan and settled within Menor Asia, and whats your point? As for the Greeks not being afraid of the gauls, also there i have no idea what you mean?
  8. LEG X EQ

    The Ligurians

    @Pantagathus I have a question, as to what culture would you classify the Taurinii and Salassii? Ligures or Gauls? or maybe Celt-Ligures?
  9. LEG X EQ

    Talk About Druids.

    It seems you dont have a clue about the Keltic culture. The celtic culture evolved in the Urnenfeld Culture (along with the italics and illyrians and venetics) and progressed in the Hallstatt culture and La Tene culture. Those were cultures of great wisdom and progress across all of europe. So those cultures are of good foundations, and its purpose was not to scare anybody, just because the greeks were not accustomed to their appearence doesnt mean they were brainless monsters. Inform about the Goths, and dont be single minded and associate the modern gothic fashion with the ancient Germanic Goths.
  10. LEG X EQ

    Roman Siegecraft

    Rome was sacked 2 times by your so called barbarians. 1. By the Senonii, a Gallic tribe that migrated to Italy in 420 BC (belonging to the group of Cisalpine Gauls: Insubres, Boii, Cenomani etc.) and sacked Rome 387 BC under their leader Brennus(brennus was more a title than a name, but thats how the leader of the Senones was remembered). Those Senonii where later conquerred by the Romans and in 107 BC granted Roman Citizenship. So no, they were not barbaric at all, they were the protagonists of the La Tene Culture (along with the other cisalpine gauls). 2. Inform yourself about the west-goths and their whole history with rome and the sacco di roma of that period. Than you will think twice about the so called "sack" and of them being Barbaric!
  11. LEG X EQ

    Phalanx Vs. Legions

    @Rameses the Great Its nonsense to compare the results of the Greeks in their prime with the results of the Romans in their prime. What matters is the direct comparison. And the balkans and menor asia were overrun by the Romans. So where were the great phalanx of yours there fighting their heart out? Why did the greeks needed the Romans to help them against the Ligures in southern france, if the were so great? why did the greeks call the Romans for help against the Macedons?? Why was phyrros deafetd although he had the Magna Grecia and certain Italic tribes (lucanii and Brutii) that assisted him? Why were the greeks so scared of the northern tribes that they need to buffer themselves south of the Macedons, and the Romans conquerred Gallia with an ease?? So the greeks are far behind in terms military success compared to the Romans. The Romans invaded all of greece and that alone just proves the domination of the Roman Legions over the greek phalanx.
  12. LEG X EQ

    Roman Narcotics

    @Pertinax My source is the book from the swede Christian Albrecht, Kulinarium Antike. In this book he sites the Knowledge of the Ancient world on Mushrooms. Sources and refferences are being made from the Greeks: Theophrastus of Eresos, Nikander and (on the topic hallucinogens) Dioskurides . And from the Romans: Cornelius Celsus and Plinius. I dont know an english book, but any english book that states texts and works of one of these 5 (espescially Dioskurides and Celsus) must contain info about the use of mushrooms in the ancient times.
  13. LEG X EQ

    Roman Narcotics

    In terms of hallucinogens, the Romans dwelled over mushrooms. Mushrooms were common within the legion as well as with the plebs. In Ancient Friuli (north East italy) certain types of Mushrooms with different hallucinogenic effects grew. So apart from the Alcohol, and certain seeds, Mushrooms were the most popular drug.
  14. LEG X EQ

    Samnium

  15. LEG X EQ

    Samnium

    @Pantagathus I never saw this as an argument or as the beginning of one, i just stated several facts about the Samnites which were asked in the original question. You on the other hand have brought up a topic that is based on speculations and theories and myths. If you want to believe they were greek, than do so. But if you want other people to believe in your theory than state some facts. Show some maps of greek settlements within this area prior to the Italic migration or during the italic migration. Or anything else that will prove (somewhat) your theory. In my opinion you are making a mistake as to see the samnites as a whole, instead of various agricultural tribes that are classified within 4 main tribes. You seem to forget about their most sacred ritual the Ver Sacrum which is Italic, their Oscan Deities, their Oscan language, burial rituals, helmets etc. Again, state some facts about a pre greek (spartan) population that was absorbed into the later samnite culture, or in their 4 main cultures. @ Andrew Dalby The Itai from Saunitai is believd to have the same meaning as the greek Itali. The Greeks called the whole peninsula Itali, with various regions. That Pantagathus is also why the Latins adopted the greek names, just like Etruria.
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