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Volume Measurements

Roman Volume Measurements

Unit

Roman Equivelant

Description

Modern

Amphora (amphorae)

2 urnae

Base measurement of Roman liquids, named for the large containers used to transport wine and other liquids on ships.

6.8 gallons or 25.79 liters

Urna (urnae)

4 congii

1/2 of the Amphora

3.4 gallons or 12.8 liters

Modius (modii)

16 sextarii

Generally used to refer to dry goods, especially grain. A modius was roughly one third the size of an Amphora.

2.4 gallons or 8.7 liters. For dry goods, roughly equal to a peck or bushel.

Congius (congii)

12 heminae

A unit of liquid measurement. 1/8 of an Amphora.

.85 gallons or 3.2 liters. For dry goods, roughly 10 pounds

Sextarius (sextarii)

2 heminae

The standard unit of liquid measurement. 1/6 of a Congius.

1.14 pints or .546 liters

Hemina (heminae)

24 ligulae

A unit of liquid measurement. 1/2 Sextarius.

.57 pints or .27 liters.

Quartarius (quartarii)

12 ligulae

1/4 Sextarius

.28 pints or 13 centiliters

Ligula (ligulae)

Base unit

Smallest unit of Roman liquid measurement.

.34 fluid oz. or 1.14 centiliters


Did you know?

The congius was also used in England, as appears by a charter of Edmund I in 946.







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Roman Volume Measurements - Roman Wallmap

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