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Byzantine Emperors

Byzantine Emperor List

The Eastern Roman Empire

Byzantine or Romanion Emperors

Reign

Emperor

Notes

379 - 395

Theodosius I (the Great)

Theodosian Dynasty

395 - 408

Arcadius

Theodosian Dynasty

408 - 450

Theodosius II

Theodosian Dynasty

450 - 457

Marcian

Theodosian Dynasty

457 - 474

Leo I (the Great)

 

474

Leo II

 

474 - 475, 476 - 491

Zeno

Deposed in 475 and restored the following year.

475 - 476

Basiliscus

Rival to Zeno

491- 518

Anastasius I

 

518 - 527

Justin I

Justinian Dynasty

527 - 565

Justinian I (the Great)

Justinian Dynasty

565 - 578

Justin II Flavius Justinus

Justinian Dynasty

578 - 582

Tiberius Constantinus

Justinian Dynasty

582 - 602

Maurice (Mauritius)

Justinian Dynasty

590 - 602

Theodosius

Son of Maurice, co-emperor 590 - 602

602 - 610

Phocas

 

610 - 641

Heraclius I

Dynasty of Heraclius

641

Constantine III Heraclius

Dynasty of Heraclius

641

Heracleonas (Heraclius II)

Dynasty of Heraclius

641- 668

Constans II Pogonatus (bearded)

Dynasty of Heraclius

668 - 685

Constantine IV

Dynasty of Heraclius

685 - 695, 705 - 711

Justinian II Rhinotmetus (slitnosed)

Dynasty of Heraclius

695 - 698

Leontius

 

698 - 705

Tiberius III Apsimar

 

711 - 713

Philippicus Bardanes

 

713 - 715

Anastasius II

 

715 - 717

Theodosius III

 

717 - 741

Leo III (the Isaurian)

Isaurian Dynasty

741 - 775

Constantine V Copronymus (dung-named)

Isaurian Dynasty

741 - 743

Artabasdus

Isaurian Dynasty

775 - 780

Leo IV (the Khazar)

Isaurian Dynasty

780 - 797

Constantine VI (the blinded)

Isaurian Dynasty

797 - 802

Irene

Isaurian Dynasty (first empress)

802 - 811

Nicephorus I

Phocid Dynasty

811

Stauracius

Phocid Dynasty

811 - 813

Michael I Rhangabé

Phocid Dynasty

813 - 820

Leo V (the Armenian)

 

820 - 829

Michael II the Amorian

Phrygian Dynasty

829 - 842

Theophilus I

Phrygian Dynasty

842 - 855

Theodora

Phrygian Dynasty (regent for Michael III)

842 - 867

Michael III (the drunkard)

Phrygian Dynasty

867 - 886

Basil I (the Macedonian)

Macedonian Dynasty

886 - 912

Leo VI (the Wise)

Macedonian Dynasty

912 - 913

Alexander III

Macedonian Dynasty

913 - 959

Constantine VII Porphyrogenetus (purple-born)

Macedonian Dynasty

920 - 944

Romanus I Lecapenus

Macedonian Dynasty

959 - 963

Romanus II

Macedonian Dynasty

963 - 969

Nicephorus II Phocas

Macedonian Dynasty

969 - 976

John I Tzimisces

Macedonian Dynasty

976 - 1025

Basil II Bulgaroctonus (Bulgar-Slayer)

Macedonian Dynasty (actually named co-emperor in 960 but empire was ruled by regent until 976)

1025 - 1028

Constantine VIII

Macedonian Dynasty (actually named co-emperor in 960 but empire was ruled by regent until 976)

1028 - 1034

Romanus III Argyropolus

Macedonian Dynasty

1028 - 1050

Zoe I

Macedonian Dynasty

1034 - 1041

Michael IV (the Paphlagonian)

Macedonian Dynasty

1041 - 1042

Michael V Calaphates

Macedonian Dynasty

1042

Theodora

Macedonian Dynasty

1042 - 1055

Constantine IX Monomachus

Macedonian Dynasty

1055 - 1056

Theodora

Macedonian Dynasty

1056 - 1057

Michael VI Stratioticus (the bellicose)

 

1057 - 1059

Isaac I Comnenus

Comnenid Dynasty

1059 - 1067

Constantine X Ducas

Ducas Dynasty

1067 - 1078

Michael VII Parapinakes

Ducas Dynasty

1068 - 1071

Romanus IV Diogenes

Ducas Dynasty

1078 - 1081

Nicephorus III Botaniates

Nicephorus Bryennius

Nicephorus Basilacius

Nicephorus Melissenus

 

1081 - 1118

Alexius I Comnenus

Comnenid Dynasty

1118 - 1143

John II Comnenus (the beautiful)

Comnenid Dynasty

1143 - 1180

Manuel I Comnenus (the Great)

Comnenid Dynasty

1180 - 1183

Alexius II Comnenus

Comnenid Dynasty

1183 - 1185

Andronicus I Comnenus

Comnenid Dynasty

1184 - 1195

Isaac Comnenus

Comnenid Dynasty (Emperor of Cyprus)

1185 - 1195, 1203 - 1204

Isaac II Angelus

Comnenid & Angelid Dynasties

1195 - 1204

Alexius III Angelus

Comnenid & Angelid Dynasties (Deposed in the 4th crusade in 1203 and replaced by Isaac II and Alexius IV but maintained limited 'provincial' control outside of Constantinople.)

1203 - 1204

Alexius IV Angelus

Comnenid & Angelid Dynasties

1204

Alexius V Ducas Murtzuphlus (bushy-eyebrowed)

Angelid Dynasties

1205 - 1222

Theodore I Lascaris

Lascarid Dynasty (exiled in Nicaea after the 4th Crusade)

1222 - 1254

John III Ducas Vatatzes

Lascarid Dynasty

1254 - 1258

Theodore II Lascaris

Lascarid Dynasty

1258 - 1261

John IV Lascaris

Lascarid Dynasty

1259 - 1282

Michael VIII Palaeologus

Palaeologid Dynasty (restored to Constantinople)

1282 - 1328

Andronicus II Palaeologus

Palaeologid Dynasty

1328 - 1341

Andronicus III Palaeologus

Palaeologid Dynasty

1341 - 1376, 1379 - 1390, 1391

John V Palaeologus

Palaeologid Dynasty

1347 - 1354

John VI Cantacuzenus

Palaeologid Dynasty

1376 - 1379

Andronicus IV Palaeologus

Palaeologid Dynasty

1390, 1399 - 1402

John VII Palaeologus

Palaeologid Dynasty

1391 - 1425

Manuel II Palaeologus

Palaeologid Dynasty

1425 - 1448

John VIII Palaeologus

Palaeologid Dynasty

1448 - 1453

Constantine XI Palaeologus Dragatses

Palaeologid Dynasty

This List was provided thanks to forum members Honorius, Tobias and Neos Dionysos



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