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The Legions of the Roman Empire


Legio III Parthica

    Foundation:
    Founded in 197 AD by Septimius Severus for his campaign against the Parthians.

    Permanent Bases:
    I. Rhesaena, Mesopotamia

    Events:
    197 - 198 AD: Parthian Campaign of Severus.
    Likely involved in the later eastern campaigns of Caracalla, Alexander Severus, Gordian, Philip and Valerian.

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Legio IV Flavia Felix (Vespasian's fortunate)

    Foundation:
    Reconstituted by Vespasian from IV Macedonica which was disgraced and disbanded during the Batavian revolt in 69 to 70 AD.
    Gnaeus Julius Agricola (father-in-law of Tacitus) oversaw its reconstition.
    Its symbol was the lion.

    Permanent Bases:
    I. 70? - 86 AD: Burnum, Dalmatia. (Kistanje)
    II. 86-101/102 AD: Upper Moesia at Singidunum.
    III. 102 - 117? AD: Dacia at Sarmizegethusa (Colonia Ulpia Traiana)
    IV. 117? - late 4th Cent. AD: - Singidunum (Belgrade), Dacia.

    Events:
    102 - 106 AD: Fought in Trajan's Dacian campaigns.
    138 - 161 AD: During the reign of Antoninus Pius, subunits sent to Mauretania to fight against the Moors.
    166 - 180 AD: Marcus Aurelius' Marcommanic wars.

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Legio IV Macedonica

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded by Caesar in 48 BC for the Civil War against Pompey.
    Its symbol was the bull.

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Legio IV Scythia

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded by Marcus Antonius (Antony) after 42 BC. Possibly formed to be used in Antony's Parthian campaign or against nomadic Scythian incursions.
    Its emblem was the Capricorn.

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Legio V Alaudae ("Larks" in Celtic)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded by Caesar in Transalpine Gaul in 52 BC (The first legion recruited outside Italy)
    Its symbol was the elephant.

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Legio V Macedonica

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Recruited in 43 BC by Consul Caius Vibius Pansa and Octavian.
    Its symbol was the bull, but seemed to use the eagle as well.

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Legio VI Ferrata (Ironclad)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded by Caesar in 52 BC in Cisalpine Gaul.
    Its symbol was the bull.

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Legio VI Victrix

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded by Octavian in 41 BC, possibly from retired veterans of Caesar's legions.
    Like most Caesarean legions, its emblem was likely a bull.

    [More info on Legio VI Victrix][top]

Legio VII Claudia Pia Fidelis (Loyal and Faithful to Claudius)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded prior to 59 BC, likely as a Consular Legion. Was inherited by Caesar as governor of Gallia in 58 BC.
    Its symbol was the bull.

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Legio VII Hispana (Later Gemina or "Twin")

    Foundation:
    Founded by Servius Sulpicius Galba as Governor of Hispania in 68 AD. Recruited for his march on Rome after the death of Nero.
    Its emblem is unknown.

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Legio VIII Augusta

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded prior to 59 BC, likely as a Consular Legion. Was inherited by Caesar as governor of Gallia in 58 BC.
    Its symbol was the bull.

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Legio IX Hispana

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded prior to 59 BC, likely as a Consular Legion. Was inherited by Caesar as governor of Gallia in 58 BC.
    Its symbol is unknown, but likely was the bull.

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Legio X Fretensis (Legion of the sea straights)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded in 41 BC by Octavian to be used in Sicily against Sextus Pompey.
    The standards of this legion were the bull, warship, dolphin and boar. Later, however (3rd Cent.) only the bull was used.

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Legio X Gemina

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Founded prior to 59 BC, likely as a Consular Legion. Was inherited by Caesar as governor of Gallia in 58 BC.
    Its symbol was the bull.

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Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis (Loyal and Faithful to Claudius)

One of the original 28 Augustan Legions

    Foundation:
    Likely founded by Caesar in 58 BC for his campaign against the Helvetians. Later reconstituted by Octavian in 42 BC.
    Its symbol may have been a bull but there is evidence of the sea god Neptune.



Index:

Page 1:
Legio I Germanica
Legio I Adiutrix
Legio I Italica
Legio I Macriana Liberatrix
Legio I Minervia
Legio I Parthica
Legio II Adiutrix
Legio II Augusta
Legio II Italica
Legio II Parthica
Legio II Traiana Fortis
Legio III Augusta
Legio III Cyrenaica
Legio III Gallica
Legio III Italica Concors

Page 2:
Legio III Parthica
Legio IV Flavia Felix
Legio IV Macedonia
Legio IV Scythia
Legio V Alaudae
Legio V Macedonia
Legio VI Ferrata
Legio VI Victrix
Legio VII Claudia Pia Fidelis
Legio VII Hispana
Legio VIII Augusta
Legio IX Hispana
Legio X Fretensis
Legio X Gemina
Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis

Page 3:
Legio XII Fulminata
Legio XIII Gemina
Legio XIV Gemina
Legio XV Apollinaris
Legio XV Primigenia
Legio XVI Gallica
Legio XVI Flavia Firma
Legio XVII
Legio XVIII
Legio XIX
Legio XX Valeria Victrix
Legio XXI Rapax
Legio XXII Deiotariana
Legio XXII Primigenia
Legio XXX Ulpia Victrix



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Index of Roman Legions - Related Topic: Roman Consuls


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