Petronius Arbiter (27? BC - 66?) was a Roman satirist though his identity is somewhat in doubt. Tactitus referred to Gaius Petronius as arbiter elegantiae working in the court of Nero, and the general association stuck.
His Latin style is generally considered among the best of the period and his epic work Satyricon was skillfully written in prose and verse. His satires provide a vivid recreation of the early empire and the social behavior of the Roman people.
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Nero was the last of the Julio-Claudian Emperors who was most famous for supposedly being involved in the great fire of 64 AD that left much of Rome in ruins.