Sardinia is the second largest island in the Mediterranean. Sardinia is separated from Corsica to the north by the 6 mile wide Strait of Bonifacio wide (10 km). From the east coast of Sardinia to the main land of Italy it's about 120 miles (193 km). The Island of Sardinia has a 1.100 mile (1.800 km) long jagged and rocky coastline on offer. There are many small streches of sandy beaches in bewteen.
Facts and Figures
Official Name: Sardinia (Sardegna)
Land Area: 9,302 sq miles (24,092 sq km)
Capital: Cagliari (160.000)
Sights- and historical buildings in Sardinia
Sardinia is full of Roman and Punic remains, just waiting for tourists to discover them. There are the fortresses of Monte Sirai and Pani Loriga built by Carthage, the major punic cities of Tharros, Nora and Sulci, in Cagliari an impressive Roman Amphitheatre and the temple of Antas near Fluminimaggiore, just to name a few. Almost everywhere one stumbles on traces of the Roman age.
Weather in Sardinia
The Island has a warm temperate marine climate. The weather is very hot and dry in summer and mild and humid during winter times. The heat of summer is however refreshed by the frequent Mistral wind. In Sardinia it usually does not rain very often. Rain falls more frequently in the middle of the island and less along the coast and the campidano plain.
How to get to Sardinia
To Sardinia by Air
Sardinia has three airports: Cagliari-Elmas, Olbia-Costa Smeralda and Alghero-Fertilia. Sardinia is connected to the to the major Italian and European airports by Meridiana, Alitalia, Volare and Air One. Ryanair offers a direct flight from London to Alghero's Fertilia airport.
To Sardinia by Sea
Several ferries and ships connect Sardinia with the main Italian and European ports. Cagliari, Olbia, Porto Torres, Arbatax-Tortoĺ and Golfo Aranci are the main ports in Sardinia. The Sardinia Ferries, Tirrenia, and the Moby lines have regular trips to and from Sardinia.
From the 8th century BC, Phoenicians founded several cities and strongholds on Sardinia; Tharros, Bithia, Sulcis, Nora and Karalis (Cagliari). The Phoenicians came originally from Lebanon and traded in the Mediterranean. They settled everywhere in the region. Sardinia had a special position because it was central in the western Mediterranean between Carthage, Spain, the Rhone river and the Etruscan civilization area. The mining area around Iglesias was important for the metals (lead and zinc). The cities were founded on strategic points, often peninsulas or islands near estuaries, easy to defend and natural harbours. After the Phoenicians, the Punics (from Carthage) took over control in that part of the Mediterrenean, around 550 BC. The Punics expanded their influence in almost the whole of Sardinia. In 238 BC the Romans took over the island.