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Roman Emperor List

Reign

Common Name
(born - died)

Full Name / Imperial Name

Dynasty/Class/Notes

27 BC - 14 AD
Augustus (c. 63 BC - 14 AD) Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus / Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus Julio-Claudian
14 - 37
Tiberius (c. 42 BC - 37 AD) Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar / Tiberius Caesar Augustus Julio-Claudian
37 - 41
Gaius (Caligula)(c. 12 - 41) Gaius Caesar Germanicus / Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus Julio-Claudian
41 - 54
Claudius(c. 10 BC - 54 AD) Tiberius Claudius Nero Germanicus / Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus Julio-Claudian
54 - 68
Nero (c. 37 - 68) Claudius Nero Caesar (born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus) / Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus Julio-Claudian
68 - 69
Galba (3 BC - 69 AD) Servius Sulpicius Galba / Servius Galba Imperator Caesar Augustus Year of the 4 Emperors
69
Otho (c. 32 - 69) Marcus Salvius Otho / Imperator Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus Year of the 4 Emperors
69
Vitellius (c. 15 - 69) Aulus Vitellius / Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Imperator Augustus Year of the 4 Emperors
69 - 79
Vespasian (c. 9 - 79) Titus Flavius Vespasianus / Imperator Vespasian Caesar Augustus Year of the 4 Emperors / Flavian
79 - 81
Titus (c. 39 - 79) Titus Flavius Vespasianus / Imperator Titus Caesar Vespasianus Augustus Flavian
81 - 96
Domitian (c. 51 - 96) Titus Flavius Domitianus / Imperator Caesar Domitianus Augustus Flavian
96 - 98
Nerva (c.30 - 98) Marcus Cocceius Nerva / Imperator Nerva Caesar Augustus Adoptive (5 Good Emperors)
98 - 117
Trajan (c. 53 - 117) Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus / Imperator Caesar Divi Nervae Filius Nerva Traianus Adoptive (5 Good Emperors)
117 - 138
Hadrian (c. 76 - 138) Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus / Imperator Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus Adoptive (5 Good Emperors)
138 - 161
Antoninus Pius (c. 86 - 161) Titus Aurelius Fulvius Boionius Arrius Antoninus Pius / Imperator Titus Aelius Caesar Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius Adoptive / Antonine (5 Good Emperors)
161 - 180
Marcus Aurelius (c. 121 - 180) Marcus Annius Aurelius Verus (also Marcus Aurelius Antoninus) / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus Adoptive / Antonine (5 Good Emperors)
161 - 169
Lucius Verus (co-emperor) (c. 130 - 169) Lucius Ceionius Commodus / Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus Adoptive / Antonine
180 - 192
Commodus (c. 161 - 192) Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus / Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus Adoptive / Antonine
193
Pertinax (c. 126 - 193) Publius Helvius Pertinax / Imperator Caesar Publius Helvius Pertinax Augustus .
193
Didius Julianus (c. 133 - 193) Marcus Didius Severus Julianus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Didius Severus Julianus Augustus .
193 - 211
Septimius Severus (c. 145 - 211) Lucius Septimius Severus / Imperator Caesar Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus Severan
193 - 195
Pescennius Niger (c. [135 - 140?] - 195) Gaius Pescennius Niger Emperor in Syria
195 - 197
Clodius Albinus (c. [140 -150?] - 197) Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus Emperor in Britain
211 - 217
Caracalla (c. 188 - 217) born Lucius Septimius Bassianus later changed to Marcus Aurelius Antoninus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Pius Augustus Severan
211
Geta (c. 189 - 211) Publius Septimius Geta / Imperator Caesar Publius Septimius Geta Augustus Severan
217 - 218
Macrinus (c. 165 - 218) Marcus Opellius Macrinus / Marcus Opellius Severus Macrinus Augustus .
218 - 222
Elagabalus (c. 204 -222) Marcus Aurelius Antoninus / Imperator Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Pius Felix Augustus Proconsul Severan
222 - 235
Severus Alexander (c. 208 - 235) Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Pius Felix Augustus Severan
235 - 238
Maximus I (or Maximus Thrax) (c. 173? - 238) Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Thrax / Imperator Caesar Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
238
Gordian I (c. 159 - 238) Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Antoninus Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus .
238
Gordian II (c. 192 - 238) Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Antoninus Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus .
238
Balbinus (c.170? - 238) Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus / Imperator Caesar Decius Caelius Calvinus Balbinus Pius Felix Augustus .
238
Pupienus (c. 175? - 238) Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus Augustus .
238 - 244
Gordian III (c. 225 - 244) Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius / Imperator Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Felix Augustus .
244 - 249
Philip I (the Arab) (c. 204 - 249) Marcus Julius Philippus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Julius Phillipus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
249 - 251
Trajanus Decius (c. 190 - 251) Gaius Messius Quintus Trajanus Decius / Imperator Caesar Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
251 - 253
Trebonianus Gallus (c. 206 - 253) Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus / Imperator Caesar Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
253
Aemilian (c. 207? - 253) Marcus Aemilius Aemilianus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aemilius Aemilianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
253 - 260
Valerian (c. 200? - 260) Publius Licinius Valerianus / Imperator Caesar Publius Licinius Valerianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
253 - 268
Gallienus (c. 218 - 268) Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus / Imperator Caesar Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
Gallic Empire
260 - 268
Postumus (c. ? - 268) Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Cassianus Latinius Postumus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus Gallic Emperor
269 Laelianus (c. ? - 269) Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus / Imperator Caesar Gaius Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus Pius Felix Augustus Gallic Emperor
269 Marius (c. ? - 269) Marcus Aurelius Marius / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Marius Pius Felix Augustus Gallic Emperor
269 - 271 Victorinus (c. ? - 271) Marcus Piavonius Victorinus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Piavonius Victorinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus Gallic Emperor
271 - 274 Tetricus (c. ? - 274) Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus / Imperator Caesar Gaius Pius Esuvius Tetricus Felix Invictus Augustus Gallic Emperor
End of Gallic Empire
268 - 270
Claudius II Gothicus (c. 214 - 270) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Claudius / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Claudius Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
270
Quintillus (c. ? - 270) Marcus Aurelius Quintillus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Claudius Quintillus Invictus Pius Felix Augustus .
270 - 275
Aurelian (c. 214 - 275) Lucius Domitius Aurelianus / Imperator Caesar Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
275 - 276
Tacitus (c. ? - 276) Marcus Claudius Tacitus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Pius Felix Augustus .
276
Florianus (c.? - 276) Marcus Annius Florianus Pius / Imperator Caesar Marcus Annius Florianus Pius Felix Augustus .
276 - 282
Probus (c. 232 - 282) Marcus Aurelius Equitius Probus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Probus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
282 - 283
Carus (c. 230? - 283) Marcus Aurelius Numerius Carus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Carus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
283 - 285
Carinus (c. ? - 285) Marcus Aurelius Carinus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Carinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus co-emperor with Numerianus
283 - 284
Numerianus(c. ? - 284) Marcus Aurelius Numerius Numerianus / Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerianus Pius Felix Augustus co-emperor with Carinus
284 - 305
Diocletian (c. 240? - 305) Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Jovius / Imperator Caesar Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus co-emperor with Maximian / House of Constantine
286 - 305, 307 -308
Maximianus (c. ? - 308) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius / Imperator Caesar Gaius Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus co-emperor with Diocletian / House of Constantine
Britannic Empire
286 - 293
Carausius (c. ? - 293) Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Emperor in Britannia
293 - 297
Allectus (c. ? - 297) ? Emperor in Britannia
End of Britannic Empire
305 - 306
Constantius I Chlorus
(c. 250? - 306)
Flavius Valerius Constantius / Imperator Caesar Gaius Flavius Valerius Constantius Augustus House of Constantine
305 - 311
Galerius (c. 250? -311) Caius Galerius Valerius Maximianus / Imperator Caesar Galerius Valerius Maximianus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus House of Constantine
306 - 307
Severus II (c. ? - 307) Flavius Valerius Severus / Imperator Severus Pius Felix Augustus co-emperor with Galerius
306 - 312
Maxentius (c. 279 - 312) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius / Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Pius Felix Invictus Augustus House of Constantine
306 - 337
Constantine I The Great (c. 285 - 337) Flavius Valerius Constantinus / Imperator Caesar Flavius Constantinus Pius Felix Invictus Augustus House of Constantine
308 - 324
Licinius (c. 250 - 325) Valerius Licinianus Licinius / Imperator Caesar Gaius Valerius Licinius Pius Felix Invictus Augustus .
337 - 340
Constantine II (c. 317 - 340) Flavius Claudius Constantinus / Imperator Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus House of Constantine
337 - 361
Constantius II (c. 321 - 361) Flavius Julius Constantius / Imperator Caesar Flavius Julius Constantinus Augustus House of Constantine
337 - 350
Constans I (c. 323 - 350) Flavius Julius Constans / Imperator Caesar Flavius Julius Constans Augustus House of Constantine
350 - 353
Magnentius (c. 303 - 353) Flavius Magnus Magnentius / Imperator Caesar Flavius Magnus Magentius Augustus .
361 - 363
Julian I the Apostate (c. 332 - 363) Flavius Claudius Julianus / Imperator Caesar Flavius Claudius Julianus Augustus House of Constantine
363 - 364
Jovian (c. 330 - 364) Flavius Jovianus / Imperator Caesar Flavius Jovianus Augustus .
Split of the Empire - Western Empire
364 - 375
Valentinian I (c. 321 - 375) Flavius Valentinianus / Imperator Caesar Flavius Valentinianus Augustus House of Valentinian, emperor in the west
367 - 383
Gratian (c. 359 - 383) Flavius Gratianus / Imperator Caesar Flavius Gratianus Augustus House of Valentinian, emperor in the west
375 - 392
Valentinian II (c. 371 - 392) Flavius Valentinianus / Imperator Caesar Flavius Valentinianus Augustus House of Valentinian, emperor in the west
379 - 395
Theodosius I The Great (c. 347 - 395) Flavius Theodosius / Imperator Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus Theodosian Dynasty / joint emperor in the west, emperor in the east
383 - 388
Magnus Maximus (c. 335 - 388) Magnus Maximus Rival in the west
392 - 394
Eugenius (c. ? - 394) Flavius Eugenius Usurper in the west
395 - 423
Honorius (c. 384 - 423) Flavius Honorius Theodosian Dynasty
423 - 425
Johannes (c. ? - 425) . .
425 - 455
Valentinian III (c. 419 - 455) Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Theodosian Dynasty
455
Petronius Maximus (c. 396 - 455) Flavius Petronius Maximus .
455 - 456
Avitus (c. 395 - 456) Marcus Maecilius Flavius Eparchius .
457 - 461
Majorian (c. ? - 461) Julius Valerius Majorianus .
461 - 465
Libius Severus (c. 461 - 465) Libius Severus .
467 - 472
Anthemius (c. 420 - 472) Procopius Anthemius .
472
Olybrius (c. ? - 472) Ancius Olybrius .
473 - 474
Glycerius (c. ? - 474) . .
474 - 475, 477 - 480
Julius Nepos (c. ? - 480) . Emperor in the West until 475, Emperor in Dalmatia 477 - 480, technically the last western emperor
475 - 476
Romulus Augustulus (c. ? - ?) . .
Split of the Empire - Eastern Empire
364 - 378
Valens (c. 328 - 378) Flavius Julius Valens / Imperator Caesar Flavius Julius Valens Augustus House of Valentinian, emperor in the east
365 - 366
Procopius (c. ? - 366) usurper to Valens
379 - 395
Theodosius I The Great (c. 347 - 395) Flavius Theodosius / Imperator Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus Theodosian Dynasty / joint emperor in the west, emperor in the east
395 - 408
Arcadius (c. 377 - 408) Flavius Arcadius / Imperator Caesar Flavius Arcadius Augustus Theodosian Dynasty
408 - 450
Theodosius II (c. 401 - 450) Flavius Theodosius / Imperator Caesar Flavius Theodosius Augustus Theodosian Dynasty
450 - 457
Marcian (c. 392 - 457) Flavius Marcianus / Imperator Caesar Flavius Marcianus Augustus Theodosian Dynasty
457 - 474
Leo I The Great (c. 401 - 474) Flavius Valerius Leo / Imperator Caesar Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus .
474
Leo II (c. 467 - 474) Flavius Leo / Imperator Caesar Flavius Leo Augustus .
474 - 5, 476 - 491
Zeno (c. ? - 491) Flavius Zeno / Imperator Caesar Flavius Zeno Augustus .
475 - 476
Basiliscus (c. ? - 476) Flavius Basiliscus Rival to Zeno
491 - 518
Anastasius (c. 430 - 518) Flavius Anastasius .



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