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Roman Timeline 3rd Century BC

Roman Timeline 3rd Century BC
Year
Event
299 BC The Romans capture the territory of Narnia.
298 BC An alliance is formed with the Picentes, and Gauls raid Roman territory.
298 - 290 BC Third Samnite War. Rome secures Campania and much of Southern Italy.
298 BC The Romans capture the Samnite cities of Taurasia, Bovianum Vetus and Aufidena.
295 BC Roman victory over Samnites, Gauls and Umbirnas at Sentinum.
294 BC Samnite victory at Luceria.
293 BC The Romans achieve a victory over the Samnite forces at the battle of Aquilonia.
292 BC The rebellious city of Falerii is reduced by the Romans.
291 BC The Romans storm the Samnite city of Venusia.
290 BC The Sabines are conquered by Man. Curius Dentatus. End of the Third Samnite War.
290 BC Establishment of the triumviri capitales occurs in Rome.
290 BC The construction on the Great Library of Alexandria is completed and the structure is dedicated in Egypt.
287 BC Introduction of the triumviri monetales (official mint supervisors) to control the minting of coins.
287 BC Plebian dictator Q. Hortensius is appointed, and passes the lex Hortensia, which gives plebiscites power at law.
284 BC The Gallic Senones renew their incursions into Roman territory and lay siege to the city of Arretium, defeating the army of the consul L. Caecilius Metellus.
283 BC Boii defeated at Lake Vadimo.
282 BC Rome conquers territory still held by the Gauls along the Adriatic, Roman Fleet attacked by Tarentum.
282 - 275 BC War against King Phyrrus of Epirus.
282 BC Approximated date of the completion of the wonder of the world, the Colossus of Rhodes.
280 BC Battle of Heraclea, in which Pyrrhus defeats a Roman force under the command of P. Valerius Laevinus.
280 BC The Great Lighthouse is built on the island of Pharos in the harbor of Alexandria by King Ptolemy II in Egypt.
279 BC Battle of Asculum, in Apulia. Pyrrhus defeats another Roman army under the command of G. Fabricius Luscinus.
278 BC Roman treaty with Carthage. Pyrrhus leaves Italy for Sicily.
275 BC Pyrrhus returns to Italy but is defeated near Malventum and leaves Italy for good.
272 BC A second aqueduct, the Anio Vetus, is built.
272 BC Surrender of Tarentum.
270 BC Capture of Rhegium.
269 BC Beggining of official coinage of the Roman state.
268 BC Picentes conquered and granted limited citizenship.
267 BC The Romans capture the city of Brundisium.
266 BC Apulia and Messapia reduced to alliance securing the Italian Peninsula for Rome.
264 BC Introduction of gladiator shows in Rome. Capture of Volsinii. Roman alliance with Mamertines.
264 BC An alliance between the Romans and a group of mercenaries called Mamertines is signed.
264 BC Start of the First Punic War. The Mamertines called to Rome for help after being attacked by Carthage.
264 - 241 BC The First Punic War between Rome and Carthage.
263 BC Hiero of Syracuse becomes ally of Rome.
263 BC The first sundial is brought to Rome from Sicily.
262 BC Agrigentum captured by Rome.
260 BC Rome builds its first major fleet and defeats Carthage at Mylae.
259 BC Romans occupy Corsica.
258 BC Minor naval victory of Sulci.
257 BC Naval victory of Tyndaris.
256 BC Major naval victory of Ecnomus.
256 - 255 BC An expeditionary force sent to Africa under M. Regulus ends in disaster.
255 BC Battle of Bagradas in Africa, in which the invading Roman army under M. Regulus was virtually destroyed by the Carthaginians under the mercenary leader Xanthippus, a Spartan.
255 BC A part of the Roman fleet is wrecked off the coast near Pachynus.
254 BC Capture of the city of Panormus.
254 BC Birth of the Roman comedy playwright Plautus, in the town of Sarsina, Umbria, in Italy.
253 BC First plebeian Pontifex Maximus.
253 BC A small Roman fleet is wrecked off the coast of Sicily near the town of Palinurus.
249 BC Carthaginian naval victory at Drepana.
247 BC Birth of the Carthaginian general Hannibal Barca.
247 BC Hamilcar Barca begins offensive in Sicily.
241 BC Naval victory off Aegates Insulae. Peace with Carthage. Occupation of Sicily which is made a Roman province.
241 BC Construction of the Via Aurelia from Rome to Pisa.
240 BC The Roman poet and writer Livius Andronicus produces the first Latin literature in Rome.
239 BC Birth of the writer Quintus Ennius, born at the town of Rudiae in Calabria.
238 BC Annexation of Sardinia and Corsica.
237 BC Hamilcar Barca goes to Spain.
236 BC Birth of the Roman general P. Cornelius Scipio, later Africanus.
236 BC Gallic raids in northern Italy.
234 BC Birth of the Roman statesman and general Cato the Censor in Tusculum.
233 BC Roman general Q. Fabius Maximus Verrucosus wins a victory over the Gallic Ligurians.
232 BC T. Flaminius passes a law for the distribution of the ager Gallicus.
229 - 228 BC First Illyrian War - Romans start war with Queen Teuta.
228 BC Death of the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca.
226 BC Treaty defining river Iberus (Ebro) as border of influence between Rome and Carthage.
225 BC Invading Gauls defeated in northern Italy.
223 BC T. Flaminius is victorious in a war against the tribe the Insubres.
222 BC Battle of Clastidium under the Roman general M. Claudius Marcellus, the Gallic Insubres of Cisalpine Gaul and their chieftain Viridomarus surrender
221 BC The Spanish allied city of Saguntum appeals to Rome for help against Hannibal who succeeds to power in Carthaginian Spain.
220 BC Construction begins on a new circus to be built on the Campus Martius. It was built by T. Flaminius, and is known as the Circus Flaminius.
220 BC The via Flaminia is built by the general T. Flaminius. It connects Italy to northern Greece.
219 BC Capture of town of Saguntum by Hannibal.
219 BC Second Illyrian War, ending in conquest of Illyria.
219 BC The first foreign surgeon to practice in Rome arrives in the city.
218 - 202 BC Second Punic War.
218 BC Hannibal crosses Alps and arrives in northern Italy. Battle of Ticinus and Battle of Trebia.
218 BC Lex Claudia is passed, which prohibits senators from owning vessels with the ability to be launched at sea.
217 BC Battle of Lake Trasimene under Roman commander Gaius Flaminius. This ends in victory for the Carthaginians.
217 BC Elevation of Q. Fabius Maximus later (Verucosis Cunctator) to Dictator.
217 BC The Romans gain a victory in a naval encounter near the Ebro River.
217 BC The Saturnalia festival is established. During the festival, masters were required to wait on their servants.
216 BC Hannibal crushes a large Roman army at the Battle of Cannae under commanders G. Terentius Varro and L. Aemilius Paullus.
216 BC Hannibal marches through the district of Cannae into Campania, and begins to plunder and ravage the countryside. Capua revolts against Rome.
215 BC Hasdrubal defeated by Cn. and P. Cornelius Scipio at Dertosa, Spain.
215 BC Battle of Nola.
214 - 205 BC First Macedonian War.
213 BC Siege of Syracuse in Sicily begins.
213 BC Hannibal captured Tarentum.
212 BC Romans besiege the city of Capua.
212 BC The senate decrees the start of a new festival, the Ludi Apollinares.
212 BC The introduction of a new coinage to Rome, the denarius.
211 BC Hannibal's march on Rome. Fall of Capua and Syracuse. Defeat of the Scipios in Spain.
211 BC Rome enters into an alliance with the Aetolians against Macedonia.
210 BC P. Cornelius Scipio (later Africanus) is given the command in Spain.
209 BC Recapture of Tarentum. Capture of Carthago Nova.
208 BC Scipio defeats army of Hasdrubal Barca near the town of Baecula.
207 BC Victory for Rome in the Battle of Metaurus River.
206 BC Battle of Ilipa. Victory for Rome in Spain.
205 BC Scipio to Sicily.
205 BC End of the First Macedonian War, essentially ends in a stalemate.
205 BC The worship of the cult of Magna Mater is introduced to Rome from Phrygia.
204 BC Scipio Invades Africa.
203 BC Scipio defeats Syphax and wins battle of the Great Plains. Hannibal recalled to Carthage.
203 BC King Syphax of Numidia is defeated and captured in the battle of Cirta.
202 BC Scipio defeats Hannibal at the Battle of Zama. End of the Second Punic War.
200 BC Birth of the Greek historian Polybius, in Megalopolis, Arcadia, Greece.
200 - 197 BC Second Macedonian War.
200 BC Romans sack the Macedonian town of Acanthus.

Did you know?

The Library of Alexandria was once the largest in the world. It is usually assumed to have been founded at the beginning of the 3rd century BC during the reign of Ptolemy II of Egypt after his father had set up the Temple of the Muses or Museum. The Library is estimated to have stored at its peak 400,000 to 700,000 scrolls.



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Roman Timeline 3rd Century BC - Related Topic: Roman Architecture


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