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Roman Timeline 2nd Century AD

Roman Timeline 2nd Century AD



101 AD

Start of Trajan's Dacian Wars against King Decebalus. Battle of Tibiscum.

101 AD

Death of the historian Flavius Josephus.

106 AD

Trajan captures the city of Petra.

106 AD

Annexation of the province of Arabia Petraea by Trajan.

107 AD

The kingdom of Dacia is annexed by Trajan.

109 AD

The Roman writer Tacitus completes The Annals of Imperial Rome and The Histories.

113 AD

Annexation of Armenia as a province by Trajan. Trajan's column is built in Rome. Death of the Roman historian Pliny the Younger, in Bithynia.

114 AD

The Arch of Trajan is completed in Beneventum.

114 - 118 AD

Revolt of the Jews in Cyrenaica, Egypt and Cyprus.

116 AD

Conquest of much of Parthia by Trajan. The Roman Empire reaches its greatest size, 3.5 million square miles, and an estimated 60 million people.

117 AD

Battle of Hatra, Trajan fails in the siege attempt and retires from the eastern campaign.

117 AD

Death of Trajan, accession of Hadrian.

118 AD

Hadrian cancels public debt withdraws from Trajan's eastern conquests and partial withdrawal from Dacia.

120 AD

Death of the great Roman historian Tacitus.

121 AD

Beginning of Hadrian's travels throughout the empire.

121 AD

Birth of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius in Rome.

122 AD

Death of the Roman historian Suetonius.

122 AD

The construction of Hadrian's Wall is started .

123 AD

The Roman Pantheon is rebuilt by Hadrian. A Moorish revolt takes place in the province of Mauretania.

125 AD

Hadrian returns to Rome.

126 AD

Birth of the Emperor Publius Helvius Pertinax, in the town of Alba Pompeia Liguria.

128 AD

Completion of the original stretch of Hadrian's Wall.

132 AD

The Jewish revolt of Simeon Bar-Kochba takes places.

133 AD

Birth of the Emperor Julianus.

135 AD

Birth of the Emperor Pescennius Niger, in Italy.

135 AD

The Bar-Kochba revolt is suppressed.

138 AD

Death of Hadrian, Accession of Antoninus Pius as the new emperor.

139 AD

The British Brigantes tribe are defeated by Lollius Urbicus.

140 AD

The emperor Antoninus Pius institutes the Puellae Faustinianae, a charity foundation for daughters of the poorer people of Rome.

142 AD

Construction of the Antonine Wall is completed in Caledonia.

145 AD

Birth of the Emperor Albinus, in the town of Hadrumentum.

146 AD

Birth of the future emperor L. Septimius Severus near Leptis Magna, in Africa.

152 AD

Revolts in the province of Egypt.

154 AD

Revolt of the Brigantes.

155 AD

Birth of the historian Dio Cassius, in the city of Nicaea, in Bithynia.

158 AD

Birth of the Emperor Gordian I.

161 AD

Death of the Emperor Antonius Pius. Accession of Marcus Aurelius and co-emperor Lucius Verus. Birth of the Emperor Commodus.

162 AD

The Parthians invade the Roman province of Armenia.

164 AD

Birth of the Emperor Macrinus, in the city of Caesarea.

165 - 166 AD

Avidius Cassius invades Parthia.

165 - 167 AD

An outbreak of the plague (Antonine) throughout the Roman Empire.

167 - 180 AD

Beginning of the Marcomannic and Quadi wars under Marcus Aurelius

167 AD

The plague devastates Rome, killing an estimated tenth of the population.

168 AD

Marcus Aurelius defeats the Marcomanni.

169 AD

Death of L. Verus.

172 AD

An Egyptian revolt is put down by Avidius Cassius.

173 AD

The Marcomanni are again defeated and devastated in the Germanic Wars

174 AD

Marcus Aurelius defeats another Germanic tribe, the Quadi.

175 - 180 AD

Marcus Aurelius writes/completes Meditations.

175 AD

Marcus Aurelius defeats the last of the major tribes in the Germanic war, the Iazyges.

175 AD

A revolt by noted general G. Avidius Cassius against Marcus Aurelius takes place but is quickly suppressed by his own legionaries.

177 AD

Commodus is made joint emperor with Marcus Aurelius.

177 AD

Revolts in Mauretania.

180 AD

Death of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius at Sirmium in Pannonia. Accession of Commodus and end of the era now known as the "5 Good Emperors"

180 AD

Commodus makes peace with the various Germanic and Sarmatian tribes.

183 AD

A plot against Commodus is foiled.

184 AD

In Britannia, the Roman forces led by Ulpius Marcellus lost the Antonine Wall to raiding Caledonians and Picts.

186 AD

A military revolt in Britain is put down by future emperor P. Helvius Pertinax.

188 AD

Birth of the Emperor Caracalla.

188 AD

More military revolts in Germania.

189 AD

Birth of the Emperor Geta in Rome.

190 AD

Birth of the Emperor Decius, who was born near the city of Sirmium.

190 AD

Death of Praetorian Prefect M. Aurelius Cleander.

190 AD

Revolts in Africa are suppressed by P. Helvius Pertinax.

192 AD

Assassination of the Emperor Commodus. Birth of the Emperor Gordian II.

192 AD

Imperial archives in Rome are destroyed by fire.

193 AD

P. Helvius Pertinax is hailed as the new emperor of Rome. Later killed by the Praetorian Guard after ruling for only 87 days.

193 AD

Emperor Julianus buys the position of emperor from the praetorians sparking civil war. Later executed after a 66 day rule.

193 AD

Septimus Severus is proclaimed as emperor of Rome, as is Pescennius Niger and Clodius Albinus.

193 AD

Completion of the Column of Marcus Aurelius, in honor of his victories over the Marcomanni.

194 AD

Battles between the forces of Pescennius Niger and Septimus Severus near the city of Cyzicus and Nicea. Severus victorious at Issus.

195 AD

Birth of the Emperor Valerian. Death of the Emperor Pescennius Niger, who was captured and killed by troops of Septimus Severus.

195 AD

The new Emperor Septimus Severus brings the Parthians and Adiabenians under Roman authority.

196 AD

The city of Byzantium is sacked by Emperor Septimus Severus after a long siege.

197 AD

Clodius Albinus meets Severus in battle at Lugdunum and Albinus is defeated and killed. Severus stands as the lone emperor.

198 AD

Capture of the Parthian capital of Ctesiphon by Emperor Septimus Severus, who re-annexed the province of Mesopotamia which had previously been lost.

Did you know?

The series of five emperors of the Roman Empire who ruled in the 2nd century A.D is commonly refered to as "The five good Emperors". The five emperors were known for their moderation and their reign corresponds to the period known as the Pax Romana. Lasting from AD 96 to 180, these emperors were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.


Roman Timeline 2nd Century AD - Related Topic: Index of Roman History


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