Roman Timeline 5th
Alaric and the Visigoths invade Italy, capturing much of the peninsula
in the south
||Vandals led by King Radagaisus invade Noricum and Raetia.
Birth of emperor Theodosius II.
||Vandal auxiliary general Flavius Stilicho defeats Alaric at
||Stilicho defeats the army of Alaric in the battle of Verona,
forcing Alaric to retire. Honorius moves the capital of the Western Empire
||Stilicho repels a barbarian invasion of Italy under Radagaisus.
Martyrdom of the monk Telemachus, who is stoned to death trying to break
up an arenar event, closes the colosseum and officially ends gladiatorial
combat in Rome.
|| Vandals invades Gaul.
||The last legion in Britain, Legio II Augusta, is withdrawn,
and the province abandoned.
||Murder of Stilicho by Honorius. Death of the eastern emperor
Arcadius. Replaced by Theodosius II at age 7.
||Vandals, Suevi and Alans invade Spain, forever removing it
from Roman control. Alaric, after besieging Rome, decalres Attalus as emperor.
||Alaric sacks Rome, the first external capture of Rome in 800
years, and deposes Attalus. Alaric dies shortly after. He is succeeded by
Athaulf as the new king of the Visigoths.
|412 - 413 AD
||Constantius III drives Alaric and the Visigoths from Italy
||Revolt of Heraclius in Africa put down.
||Visigoths settle in Aquitania, Gaul.
||Birth of the Emperor Valentinian III.
||Ostrogoths settle in Pannonia. Death of the Christian writer
||Death of Constantius III.
||Death of Honorius, replaced by the biy Valentinian with Placidia
||Boniface revolts in Africa.
||Invited by Boniface, the Vandals in Spain, under Geiseric
invade and conquer Mauretania, then Africa.
||Death of the writer and Christian St. Augustine of Hippo.
||Roman General Flavius Aetius campaigns against Visigoths,
Burgundians and Franks in Gaul, re-establishing some Roman control.
||Attila made King of the Huns.
||King Theodoric I of the Visigoths besieges the Romans at Narbonne
but is eventually defeated by Aetius.
||Aetius defeats the Burgundians.
||Theodosius publishes a code clarifying Roman law.
||Geiseric of the Vandals takes Carthage.
||Geiseric invades Sicily, but is bribed to leave.
||Attila the Hun invades Thracia.
||Britain falls to Saxon invaders, despite continuing pleas
for help to Aetius.
||Attila comes to terms with Theodosius and the eastern empire,
focusing instead on the west.
||Attila invades Moesia.
||Justin I, future Byzantine emperor, is born in Illyria. Marcian
succeeds Theodosius II and stops paying tribute to the Huns.
||Attila invades Gaul devastating as he goes. The huns are eventually
defeated by Aetius and Theodoric I the Visigoth, though Theodoric is killed
and replaced by Theodoric II.
||Undeterred by defeat, Attila invades Italy but decides to
spare Rome and retires.
||Death of Attila the Hun.
||Revolts, internal power struggles and enemy attacks collapse
the Hunnic empire. With the threat of the Huns gone, Valentinian has Aetius
murdered for fear of his power. The Alemmani invade across the Danube.
||Valentinian III murdered by supporters of Aetius. Maximus
proclaimed emperor. At the request of Valentinian's widow Eudoxia, Geiseric
of the Vandals invades and sacks Rome from Africa. He carries off Eudoxia
and her daughters, leaving a power vacuum in the west. The Visigoths proclaim
the former general of Aetius, Avitus as new emperor in the west.
||'Master of Soldiers' Ricimer launches a fleet against widescale
naval attacks of the Vandals.
||Majorian is proclaimed as emperor in the West and is recognized
by the Eastern Emperor Leo, who had previously replaced Marcian.
||Destruction of Majorian's fleet by the Vandals off Cartagena.
||Death of Majorian. Libius Severus emperor.
||The Goths are prevented from crossing the Loire River by the
Roman general Aegidius.
||Libius Severus dies. Ricimer rules as patrician under Leo
||Euric, King of the Visigoths, begins conquest of Spain.
||Eastern Emperor Leo appoints the Roman general to emperor
of the Western Empire.
||Leo sends Basiliscus to crush Geiseric in Africa, but his
army is destroyed.
||Ricimer deposes Anthemius and installs Olybrius as western
emperor, however both die shortly after of illnesses.
||Glycerius set up as western Emperor.
||Death of Leo, replaced by his infant grandson Leo II who also
dies shortly thereafter. Zeno ascends as emperor in the east. Julius Nepos
ascends as the latest puppet in the west with the support of the eastern
||Romulus Augustulus, son of Hunnic general Orestes installed
as the 'last Roman Emperor'. Julius Nepos flees to Dalmatia.
||Germanic general Odoacer, in command of the troops in Italy
is proclaimed King. He desposes Romulus and offers to rule as King in the
name of Zeno, the eastern emperor. Zeno prefers to keep Julius Nepos as
Emperor, and Odoacer agrees, but Nepos never returns to Rome.
||End of the Western Roman Empire. With Odoacer's appointment
as King, the system of Roman government, first Republic than Imperial ceases
to exist. After over a century of near constant invasions and usurpations,
the Roman system finally collapses, permanently.
||Death of Julius Nepos, who lived essentially in exile in Dalmatia.
Though technically the last Roman emperor (Odoacer issued coinage and conducted
other administration affairs in his name, even after 476 AD) he held no
power since Odoacer's ascension as King.