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Roman Timeline 2nd Century BC

Roman Timeline 2nd Century BC



198 BC

Quinctius Flamininus defeats the army of King Phillip in a battle near the Aous River.

197 BC

Revolt of Turdenati in Spain.

197 BC

Second Macedonian War ends with defeat of Philip V by T. Quinctius Flamininus at Cynoscephalae.

197 BC

Number of praetors is raised to six, to cover the growing number of Roman provinces.

196 BC

The city of Smyrna appeals to Rome for help against the attacks of King Antiochus III.

195 BC

Hannibal Barca, exiled from Carthage joins Antiochus.

192 - 188 BC

Syrian War against Antiochus.

191 BC

Antiochus defeated at Thermopylae. Antiochus' fleet defeated off Corycus.

191 BC

Defeat of the Boii by P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica, son of Gn. Scipio and cousin of Scipio Africanus.

191 BC

Rome conquers and annexes what becomes known as the province of Cisalpine Gaul.

190 BC

An army under the command of King Antiochus III of Syria is defeated by Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Eumenes II of Pergamum at Magnesia.

188 BC

Peace of Apamea ends the Syrian War.

187 BC

Construction of the Via Aemilia Lepidi, which still exists today.

187 - 173 BC

Ligurian Wars in Spain.

184 BC

M. Porcius Cato the Elder is elected as censor, and is known afterwards as Cato the Censor.

184 BC

Construction of the first basilica, the Basilica Porcia in Rome.

183 BC

Death of the Roman general P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus, in Laternium, Campania. Death of the Carthaginian general Hannibal Barca, who poisons himself in order to avoid capture by the Romans.

181 - 179 BC

First Celtiberian War.

180 BC

The lex Villia annalis is passed by a tribune of the plebs L. Villius.

179 BC

A new bridge into Rome is completed. It is the first stone bridge, and is called the pons Aemilius. A new basilica is built in Rome by L. Aemilius Lepidus to celebrate his consulship. It is called the Basilica Aemilia.

174 BC

The Circus Maximus in Rome is rebuilt after suffering major structural damage.

171 - 168 BC

Third Macedonian War.

169 BC

The lex Voconia de milierum hereditatibus is passed.

168 BC

Defeat of Macedonian King Perseus at Pydna.

168 BC

Historian Polybius is brought to Rome as a hostage from Megalopolis in Greece, and is made a guest of Scipio Aemilianus.

167 BC

Taxation of Roman citizens is abolished. Taxation now falls only upon allies.

167 BC

Epirus plundered. Macedonia divided into four parts, Illyricum into four.

163 BC

Birth of the tribune of the plebs and demagogue Ti. Sempronius Gracchus.

160 BC

Birth of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus. Birth of Numidian King Jugurtha.

157 BC

The Roman general, statesman and 7 time consul, Gaius Marius, is born in the town of Arpinum.

157 - 155 BC

Campaigns in Dalmatia and Pannonia.

154 - 138 BC

Lusitanian War.

153 - 151 BC

Second Celtiberian War.

154 BC

The King of Cyrene, Ptolemy VII Euergetes Physcon, made his will, in which he promised that upon his death his kingdom would be bequeathed upon Rome.

154 BC

The road, the via Cassia, is built.

151 BC

Carthage declares war on King Masinissa of Numidia.

150 BC

Fourth Macedonian War.

149 - 146 BC

The Third Punic War. Siege of Carthage.

149 BC

The work by the Roman writer, philosopher and statesman Cato the Censor, the Origines is published. It is a history of Rome up until that point in time. A lex Calpurnia is passed, which establishes a permanent de repetundis.

148 BC

End of Fourth Macedonian War, which ended with the defeat of Andriscus by Q. Caecilius Metellus.

147 BC

Macedonia annexed as a Roman province,

146 BC

Destruction of Carthage. Africa annexed.

146 BC

Achaean War: Roman wars against the league of Greek cities. Corinth destroyed by the Romans.

146 BC

The senate publishes a set of regulations known as the leges provinciae, which were basically constitutions and laws for each province.

146 BC

The first Roman temple to be built from marble, the temple of Jupiter Strator, is dedicated by Q. Metellus.

144 BC

The aqueduct Aqua Marcia is built.

143 - 133 BC

Third Celtiberian War (also called Numantine War).

142 BC

Censorship of Scipio Aemilianus. Stone bridge over the Tiber.

138 BC

Birth of the Roman general and dictator L. Cornelius Sulla in Rome.

137 BC

Defeat and surrender of Mancinus in Spain.

135 BC

Birth of the tribune of the plebs L. Appuleius Saturninus, somewhere in Picenum. Birth of the historian Posidonius of Rhodes.

135 - 132 BC

Slave revolts in Sicily.

133 BC

King Attalus of Pergamum bequeaths his kingdom to Rome in a will upon his death.

133 BC

After opposing the legislation of Ti. Sempronius Gracchus, a fellow tribune named Octavius was voted out of office by Gracchus. This was a precedent in Roman history, as Gracchus was the first tribune to do this.

133 BC

Death of Ti. Sempronius Gracchus after the passing of his land bills. The consular P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica, who was an ardent opponent of Gracchus's legislation and methods, clubbed him to death.

131 BC

A new set of laws, passed by the tribune G. Papirius Carbo, the leges tabellariae, enacted secret balloting in Rome for the first time.

129 BC

Annexation of the Roman Asia Province.

129 BC

The province of Illyria is annexed into the Empire.

125 BC

M. Fulvius Flaccus, an adherent of the ideals of G. Sempronius Gracchus, proposes a bill to enfranchise the Latin citizens of Italy.

124 BC

War against Arverni and Allobroges in Gaul.

124 BC

Birth of the future tribune M. Livius Drusus.

123 - 122 BC

Tribunate of Gaius Gracchus, in which the Senatus consultum ultimum de res publica defendenda is passed (otherwise known as the Senatus Consultum Ultimum, was the ultimate decree, used only in times of crisis).

123 BC

Birth of the Roman rebel General Q. Sertorius, in the town of Nersia, Sabini.

123 BC

The tribune of the plebs G. Sempronius Gracchus passes a bill which makes the senate separate from the Ordo Equester, or the knights.

122 - 121 BC

The Gallic tribe of the Arverni are subjugated by the Roman general Gn. Domitius Ahenobarbus. Gallia Narbonensis made a province.

122 BC

After passing a law in the plebeian assembly, G. Gracchus eliminates most unemployment by engaging the unemployed in building roads.

122 BC

A new city, Colonia Junonia, is ordered to be built on the site of old Carthage. It only lasts 30 years.

122 BC

For the first time, the juries of the courts are taken off of senators and given to the knights of the ordo Equester.

121 BC

Death of Gaius Gracchus, who was murdered in the grove of Furrina, near Rome by a mob lead by the consul L. Opimius, sparking civil disorder.

121 BC

A road, the via Domitia, is built after the conquests of Gn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, and it runs along the coastline of Italy and southern Gaul.

119 BC

Tribunate of G. Marius, abolition of the Gracchus land reforms.

113 - 101 BC

Germanic Cimbri and Teutones invade Roman territories.

113 BC

Cn. Carbo defeated at Noreia by the Cimbri.

112 - 106 BC

Jugurthine War. Jugurtha sacks Cirta.

110 BC

Birth of the Roman statesman and triumvir M. Licinius Crassus.

109 BC

The consul Q. Caecilius Metellus is appointed as the new commander in the Jugurthine War and has some success.

109 BC

Silanus defeated by the Germanics.

107 BC

First consulship of Gaius Marius, who is given command in war against Jugurtha. (First of seven consulships)

107 - 101 BC

G. Marius makes reforms in the Legions.

107 BC

L. Cassius Longus is defeated by the Tigurini near Tolosa.

106 BC

King Jugurtha is betrayed by his brother-in-law King Bocchus of Mauretania. He is captured by the quaestor of Marius, L. Cornelius Sulla.

106 BC

Birth of Pompey the Great, in Picenum. Birth of M. Tullius Cicero, in the town of Arpinum, Latium.

105 BC

Cimbri and Teutones destroy Roman armies at Arausio.

104 BC

Death of King Jugurtha of Numidia.

104 - 100 BC

Second Sicilian slave war.

104 BC

The lex Domitia de sacerdotiis is passed.

102 - 101

Marius proceeds to defeat the German Cimbri and Teutones with Q. Lutatius Catulus Caesar, at the battles of Aquae Sextiae and Vercellae.

101 BC

Cilicia is annexed as a province of Rome.

100 BC

Riots of Saturninus, order restored by Marius.

100 BC

Birth of Gaius Julius Caesar.

Did you know?

Polybius is considered the greatest ancient historian after Thucydides. His work illuminated the rise of Rome and the history of the Mediterranean world.


Roman Timeline 2nd Century BC - Related Topic: Roman Battle Index


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